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Potential of White-Rot Fungi to Treat Xenobiotic-Containing Wastewater

  • Susana Rodríguez-CoutoEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Fungal Biology book series (FUNGBIO)

Abstract

Xenobiotic compounds are resistant to degradation by the native micro-organisms present in the environment. This causes their accumulation and persistence in the environment with the subsequent detrimental effects not only for our ecosystem but also for human health. Therefore, the treatment of such compounds is an urgent need. The current existing methods for wastewater treatment are relatively ineffective against xenobiotic compounds; they are expensive and relatively environmentally unfriendly. This has compelled the search for new approaches. In this sense, the potential use of white-rot fungi to treat this type of compounds has been studied intensively in the past decades. These fungi are the only micro-organisms able to mineralise the recalcitrant biopolymer lignin. Their unique ability to degrade lignin is due to the secretion of an extracellular, non-specific and free-radical-based enzymatic system.

Keywords

Ligninolytic enzymes Wastewater White-rot fungi Xenobiotics 

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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ceit-IK4Unit of Environmental EngineeringSan SebastianSpain
  2. 2.IKERBASQUEBasque Foundation for ScienceBilbaoSpain

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