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Fungi in Composting

  • Christopher Wright
  • Andrii P. Gryganskyi
  • Gregory BonitoEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Fungal Biology book series (FUNGBIO)

Abstract

Fungi are well adapted for decomposition processes due to their filamentous growth, extracellular nutrition, and enzymatic capacities. As such, fungi are essential to composting for degrading recalcitrant compounds, stabilizing organic matter, as well as releasing nutrients and essential elements that are beneficial for plant growth and fertility. Here we discuss different composting processes and their associated fungi. We first discuss current research on municipal composting and vermicomposting, and then the history and science of composting for cultivating mushrooms, particularly Agaricus bisporus. At the conclusion of this chapter, we discuss mycoaugmented composts and their use in remediating soils contaminated with a variety of organopollutants and xenobiotic compounds, an area of growing interest and investigation.

Keywords

Fungi Compost Agaricus bisporus Decomposition Peroxidases Eisenia Vermicomposting Mycoaugmentation Mycoremediation Xenobiotics Carbon:Nitrogen 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christopher Wright
    • 1
    • 2
  • Andrii P. Gryganskyi
    • 3
  • Gregory Bonito
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Plant, Soil and Microbial SciencesMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA
  2. 2.Easygrow Mushrooms and Composting LLCFarmington HillsUSA
  3. 3.L F Lambert Spawn Co.CoatesvilleUSA

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