Surgical Approaches to CCJ (Endoscopic Transnasal-Transoral-Transcervical and Robotic Transoral Approach)

  • F. MattioliEmail author
  • G. Molteni
  • M. Bettini
  • E. Cigarini
  • L. Presutti


This chapter is focused on the surgical approaches that are available for exposing lesions at the craniovertebral junction (CVJ). To reach the CVJ is necessary to cross anatomical regions that are the domains of several surgical subspecialties (neurosurgery, otolaryngology, and plastic/craniofacial surgery).


Hard Palate Odontoid Process Transoral Approach Anterior Longitudinal Ligament Endonasal Approach 
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. Mattioli
    • 1
    Email author
  • G. Molteni
    • 1
  • M. Bettini
    • 1
  • E. Cigarini
    • 1
  • L. Presutti
    • 1
  1. 1.Head and Neck Surgery DepartmentUniversity Hospital of ModenaModenaItaly

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