Anterior and Lateral Approaches to Cervical Spine

  • M. GhirelliEmail author
  • F. Mattioli
  • G. Molinari
  • L. Presutti


Literature shows high morbidity rates after cervical spine surgery with anterior approach.


Hyoid Bone Neurovascular Bundle Hypoglossal Nerve Superior Laryngeal Nerve Carotid Sheath 
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Ghirelli
    • 1
    Email author
  • F. Mattioli
    • 1
  • G. Molinari
    • 1
  • L. Presutti
    • 1
  1. 1.Othorhinolaryngology- Head and Neck surgery DepartmentUniversity Hospital of ModenaModenaItaly

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