Convolutional Neural Network Application on Leaf Classification

  • Yan-Hao WuEmail author
  • Li Shang
  • Zhi-Kai Huang
  • Gang Wang
  • Xiao-Ping Zhang
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 9771)


Plants are everywhere in our lives, we can classify them by observing their features. But for ordinary people, the species we don’t know are much more than we know. So, for amateurs who are interested in botany, a system which can classify different species of leaves must be very useful, a system like that will also help students recognize the leaves they don’t know. This paper describes a system for leaf classification, which is developed with convolutional neural network technique. Previous researches in leaf identification usually use grayscale images. The main reason is that these samples mostly are green leaves. This system is trained by 1500 leaves to classify 50 kinds of plants. Compared to other research, our net use RGB images for input. And in convolutional neural network, we use PReLU instead of traditional ReLU. The experimental result shows that our method for classification gives accuracy of 94.8 %.


Convolutional neural network Leaf classification Image recognition Prelu 



This work was supported by the grants of the National Science Foundation of China, Nos. 61520106006, 61532008, 31571364, 61303111, 61411140249, 61402334, 61472280, 61472173, 61572447, 61373098, and 61572364, China Postdoctoral Science Foundation Grant, Nos. 2014M561513 and 2015M580352.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yan-Hao Wu
    • 1
    Email author
  • Li Shang
    • 2
  • Zhi-Kai Huang
    • 3
  • Gang Wang
    • 1
  • Xiao-Ping Zhang
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Machine Learning and Systems Biology, College of Electronics and Information EngineeringTongji UniversityShanghaiChina
  2. 2.Department of Communication Technology, College of Electronic Information EngineeringSuzhou Vocational UniversitySuzhouChina
  3. 3.College of Mechanical and Electrical EngineeringNanchang Institute of TechnologyNanchangChina

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