Stiffness Heterogeneity of Multiply Paperboard Examined with VFM

  • Anton Hagman
  • J. M. ConsidineEmail author
  • Mikael Nygårds
Conference paper
Part of the Conference Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Mechanics Series book series (CPSEMS)


Mechanical heterogeneity of a multiply paperboard was characterized in uniaxial tension using DIC and VFM. The specimen was divided into three subregions based on axial strain magnitude. VFM analysis showed that the subregions had stiffnesses and Poisson’s ratio’s that varied in a monotonically decreasing fashion, but with the stiffness differences between subregions increasing with applied tensile stress. An Equilibrium Gap analysis showed improved local equilibrium when comparing a homogeneous analysis with the subregion analysis. Although only a single specimen was examined, results suggest that high stiffness regions provide only marginal improvement of mechanical behavior. The analysis also showed that even though the subregions themselves were non-contiguous, their mechanical behavior was similar.


VFM DIC Stiffness Paperboard Heterogeneity 


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Copyright information

© The Society for Experimental Mechanics, Inc. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anton Hagman
    • 1
  • J. M. Considine
    • 2
    Email author
  • Mikael Nygårds
    • 3
  1. 1.Graduate StudentKTH and BiMaC InnovationStockholmSweden
  2. 2.Materials Research EngineerUSDA Forest Service, Forest Products LaboratoryMadisonUSA
  3. 3.Research ManagerInnventia and BiMaC InnovationStockholmSweden

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