The Government Response to the Private Sector Expansion in Poland

  • Dominik AntonowiczEmail author
  • Marek KwiekEmail author
  • Don F. WesterheijdenEmail author
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Global Higher Education book series (PSGHE)


One of the trademarks of transformation of Polish higher education is its tumultuous and inconsistent path of development driven by the rapid growth of private sector higher education. Such an expansion has been often described as a ‘sudden, shocking and unplanned’ phenomenon which revolutionized the institutional landscape of higher education in Central and Eastern Europe (Levy, 2007, p. 280). Also in Poland, the rise of private higher education is perhaps one of those aspects of the Polish higher education that caused revolutionary and far-reaching changes whose significance can be hardly overestimated. It also attracts scholars’ attention (e.g. Duczmal and Jongbloed, 2007; Antonowicz, 2016; Duczmal, 2006; Kwiek, 2012). However, clearly, there is still a knowledge gap in regards to the analysis of coping with the expansion and with governmental efforts to take control over the process of galloping expansion and securing minimum quality standards in (especially private) higher education.


High Education Private Sector High Education Institution High Education System Structural Reform 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Dominik Antonowicz and Marek Kwiek would like to gratefully acknowledge the support of the National Research Council (NCN), grant number UMO-2013/10/M/HS6/00561.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of SociologyNicolaus Copernicus University in ToruńTorunPoland
  2. 2.Center for Public Policy StudiesUniversity of PoznańPoznanPoland
  3. 3.Center for Hr Education Policy StudiesUniversity of TwenteEnschedeThe Netherlands

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