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Effects of Nanoparticles on Plant Growth and Development

  • Remya NairEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Nanomaterials provide great opportunities in the field of agriculture because of their unique physicochemical properties. The interaction of nanoparticles with plants results in several physiological, morphological, and genotoxic changes, and their understanding is important for the effective use of nanotechnology in agriculture. Researchers suggested both positive and negative responses of nanoparticles on plant growth and development depending upon the properties of nanomaterials, mode of application as well as plant species. Studies on the uptake, translocation and biotransformation, and risks of application of nanomaterials on agriculturally important crops are recent research focus for understanding the physiological, biochemical, and molecular mechanisms of plants in relation to nanoparticles.

Keywords

Nanoparticles Plants Uptake Translocation Growth Phytotoxicity 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Nano Research FacilityWashington University in St. LouisSt. LouisUSA

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