Future Roadmap for Plant Nanotechnology
Nanotechnology has started to play a promising role in agriculture and plant biology in the last few years. The experimental base for “nanoagriculture” is still limited. Several research groups demonstrated that nano-sized materials can be useful for the delivery of nucleic acid, pesticides and fertilizers to plants, activation of seed germination and plant growth, suppression of plant diseases caused by pathogens, and sensing of critical plant molecules with a high level of sensitivity. Success in the development of efficient “nano-agro-technologies” will require the creation of reliable and accurate methods of detection of nanomaterials inside plant cell or tissue, the understanding of the biological mechanisms of effects of nanoparticles in plant systems, and the clarification of properties of nanomaterials that can be associated with observed biological effects. Involvement of nanotechnology in agriculture will eventually enhance the flow of nanomaterials into the food chain. Thus, the risk assessment of agricultural plant products contaminated with different nanoparticles intentionally or nonintentionally is the most important task for future plant nanotechnology.
KeywordsNanodelivery Nucleic acids Pesticides Fertilizers Growth regulators Suppression Nanosensors Risk assessment
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