African Renaissance

The Subject of Planning (in Africa)
  • Donald OkekeEmail author
Part of the The Urban Book Series book series (UBS)


In the African context where political realities make equity a critical variable for new economic and spatial entities, the theory of African renaissance provides the object for planning and the mission for cities. African renaissance is up against a new agenda of sharing African market for Euro-American goods and services. Hence this theory seeks the primary objective of integrated regional development, which connects with sourcing enhanced productivity through the introversion of the economy of urban Africa. It demands the restructuring of the urban form through territorial planning and in so doing hopes to generate communities of African renaissance of the twenty-first century with capacity to surmount contemporary urban crisis in Africa. Hitherto communities of African renaissance of the Middle Ages, with diverse systems of behaviour and belief bound with spiritual values, who ousted the backward Bushmen and Pygmies, overcame similar obstacles and founded cities and built states and empires.


Africa Renaissance Euro-American Productivity Dependency Colonialism 


  1. African Renaissance Institute (2000) The amended version of the vision, mission and objectives. Sandton, South AfricaGoogle Scholar
  2. Boloka GM (1999) African renaissance: A quest for (un)attainable past. Critical Arts 13(2):92–103CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Botha T, Du P (2000) An African renaissance in the 21st century? Strategic Rev Southern African 22(1):1Google Scholar
  4. Cossa JA (2009) African renaissance and globalization: a conceptual analysis. Ufahamu J African Stud 36(1)Google Scholar
  5. Creff K (2004) Exploring ubuntu and the African renaissance: a conceptual study of servant leadership from an African perspective. Available at: Accessed 17 Apr 2015
  6. Dembele DM (1998) Africa in the twenty-first century. 9th General Assembly CODESRIA Bulletin (ISSN 0850-8712) 1:10–14Google Scholar
  7. Van Kessel I (2001) In search of an African renaissance: an agenda for modernization, neo-traditionalism or Africanisation? Quest XV(1–2)Google Scholar
  8. Makgoba MW (ed) (1999) African renaissance: the new struggle. Mafube & Tafelberg, Cape TownGoogle Scholar
  9. Maloka T (2001) The South African “African renaissance” debate: a critique. African Institute of South Africa. Polis/R.C.S.P/C.P.S.R. 8 (Numéro Spécial)Google Scholar
  10. Mangu AMB (1998) African Renaissance compromised as the dawn of the third millenium. 9th General Assembly CODESRIA Bulletin (ISSN 0850-8712) 1:14–22Google Scholar
  11. Matunhu J (2011) A critique of modernization and dependency theories in Africa: critical assessment. African J Hist Cult 3(5):65–72Google Scholar
  12. Muchie M (2004) A theory of an Africa as a unification nation: a re-thinking of the structural transformation of Africa. African Sociol Rev 8(2):136–179Google Scholar
  13. Nabudere DW (2001) The African renaissance in the age of globalization. African J Political Sci 6(2):11–27CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Nabudere DW (2003) Towards a new model of production—an alternative to NEPAD. In: 14th Biennial Congress of AAPS. Durban: South Africa. Accessed 8 July 2011
  15. Ndu Y (2014) The African renaissance in the 21st century: the challenges and the prospects. Available at: Accessed 12 May 2015
  16. Nmehielle VO (2003) The African Union and African renaissance: a new era for human rights protection in Africa? Singapore J Int Comp Law 7:412–446Google Scholar
  17. Oelofse J (2013) African renaissance: African rebirth or African enslavement? Available at: Accessed 12 May 2015
  18. Ramose M (2007) In Memoriam. Griffith Law Rev 16(2)Google Scholar
  19. Schwabe CA (2001) African renaissance: towards a spatial information system for poverty reduction and socio-economic development in Africa. (Paper presented to the 5th Africa GIS Conference Nairobi, Kenya 5–9 November)Google Scholar
  20. Terreblanche S (2012) Lost in transformation. KMM Review Publishing Company, SandtonGoogle Scholar
  21. United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) (1999) Global Environment Outlook 2000. Earthscan Publications, LondonGoogle Scholar
  22. Vale P, Maseko S (1998) South Africa and the African renaissance. Foundation for Global Dialogue Occasional Paper, no 17, OctoberGoogle Scholar
  23. Van Niekerk AA (1999) The African renaissance: lessons from a predecessor. Critical Arts 13(2):66–80CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.African Settlements Research Group, Department of Urban and Regional PlanningUniversity of NigeriaEnuguNigeria

Personalised recommendations