Myanmar as a Post-conflict Society?
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Given the background of conflict and displacement in Myanmar provided in Chap. 1, this chapter explores the concept of a ‘post-conflict society’ and provides a framework for examining whether Myanmar has shifted into a ‘post-conflict’ state. The chapter begins with a review of the literature on the necessary elements of peace-building and post-conflict reconstruction to achieve stability. It identifies three phases of ‘post-conflict’ transition namely, initial response, transformation, and fostering sustainability, concluding that Myanmar is currently in a ‘transformation’ phase with the potential of becoming a post-conflict society. Beyond the negotiation of ceasefires, the transition into a ‘post-conflict society’ requires the development of legitimate mechanisms of governance and participation, secure foundations of justice and reconciliation, and sustainable structures that improve social and economic well-being. The Myanmar government’s current efforts towards these aims have included attracting foreign investment and amending relevant laws, and establishing mechanisms for governance and participation through its three-phase peace plan. On the other hand, the government’s policies and supporting institutions for refugees and IDPs remain inadequate for supporting return. The authors discuss these ongoing challenges highlight key issues that have yet to be addressed in negotiations.
KeywordsArmed Group Peace Process Military Government Peace Negotiation Durable Solution
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