Advertisement

Disaster Relief Mental Health Resources: Community-Based Interventions and Implications for the Middle East

  • Rachel AlvarezEmail author
  • Patricia A. Findley
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Mental Health and Addiction book series (AMHA)

Abstract

The purpose of this chapter is to review disaster relief community-based mental health resources. The goal is to learn how these resources can be adapted to encompass a community-driven perspective. It examines evidence-based best practices in disaster relief on both a national and community level. These practices will be specifically related to recovery and relief efforts in New Jersey following Hurricane Sandy, but will be discussed in a broader context of implications for the Middle East. A foundation of community-based participatory research and critical consciousness will be used as a framework to develop potential interventions that will empower the community to acquire tools that will aid in their recovery.

Keywords

Mental Health Vulnerable Population Cultural Competence Collective Efficacy Disaster Relief 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Bisman, C. (1994). Social work practice: Cases and principles. Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole. Chapter 4.Google Scholar
  2. Bleich, A., Gelkopf, M., Melamed, Y., & Solomon, Z. (2006). Mental health and resiliency following 44 months of terrorism: A survey of an Israeli national representative sample. BMC Medicine, 4(1), 21. doi: 10.1186/1741-7015-4-21 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  3. Braun-Lewensohn, O., & Sagy, S. (2014). Community resilience and sense of coherence as protective factors in explaining stress reactions: Comparing cities and rural communities during missiles attacks. Community Mental Health Journal, 50(2), 229–234.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Carroll, J., & Minkler, M. (2000). Freire’s message for social workers: Looking back, looking ahead. Journal of Community Practice, 8(1), 21–36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Dickstein, B. D., Schorr, Y., Stein, N., Krantz, L. H., Solomon, Z., & Litz, B. T. (2012). Coping and mental health outcomes among Israelis living with the chronic threat of terrorism. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 4(4), 392–399.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Farberow, N. L., & Frederick, C. J. (1978). Training manual for human service workers in major disasters. Rockville, MD: National Institute of Mental Health. Retrieved from http://xxx.icisf.org/news-a-announcements/31/35-psychological-recovery-from-disaster Google Scholar
  7. Findley, P. (2013). Stakeholder engagement report: Social services sector climate change preparedness in New Jersey. New Brunswick, NJ: New Jersey Climate Adaptation Alliance.Google Scholar
  8. Findley, P., Indart, M., & Kley, R. (2015, October). Hurricane Sandy: The behavioral health response. Final Report to the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.Google Scholar
  9. Freire, P. (1994). The pedagogy of the oppressed. New York: Continuum Publishing Company.Google Scholar
  10. Galambos, C. (2005). Natural disasters: Health and mental health considerations. Health & Social Work, 30(2), 83–86.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Garcia, B. (2009). Theory and social work practice with immigrant populations. In F. Chang-Muy & E. Congress (Eds.), Social work with immigrants and refugees (pp. 79–101). New York: Springer.Google Scholar
  12. Goodman, R. D., & West-Olatunji, C. A. (2009). Applying critical consciousness: Culturally competent disaster response outcomes. Journal of Counseling and Development, 87(4), 458–465. doi: 10.1002/j.1556-6678.2009.tb00130.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Gutierrez, L. M. (1995). Understanding the empowerment process: Does consciousness make a difference?. Social Work Research, 19(4), 229–237.Google Scholar
  14. Hobfoll, S. (2012). Conservation of resources theory: Its implication for stress, health, and resilience. Oxford Handbooks Online. Retrieved February 12, 2016, from http://www.oxfordhandbooks.com/view/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195375343.001.0001/oxfordhb-9780195375343-e-007
  15. Hobfoll, S. E., Canetti-Nisim, D., & Johnson, R. J. (2006). Exposure to terrorism, stress-related mental health symptoms, and defensive coping among Jews and Arabs in Israel. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 74(2), 207–218.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Hobfoll, S., Watson, P., Bell, C., Byant, R., Brymer, M., Friedman, M. J., et al. (2007). Five essential elements of immediate and mid-term mass trauma intervention: Empirical evidence. Psychiatry, 70(4), 283–315.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC). (2007). IASC guidelines on mental health and psychosocial support in emergency settings. Geneva: IASC. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/hac/network/interagency/news/iasc_guidelines_mental_health_psychososial.pdf Google Scholar
  18. Macy, R., Behar, L., Paulson, R., Delman, J., Schmid, L., & Smith, S. (2004). Community-based acute post traumatic stress management: A description and evaluation of a psychosocial intervention continuum. Harvard Review Psychiatry, 12(4), 217–228. doi: 10.1080/10673220490509589 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Macy, R. & Solomon, R. (1995). Psychological first aid. International Trauma Center. Retrieved from www.internationaltraumacenter.com
  20. Macy, R. & Solomon, R. (2010). School-agency-community-based post traumatic stress management with psychological first aid. Basic Course Manual, International Trauma Center, Boston.Google Scholar
  21. Mathbor, G. M. (2007). Enhancement of community preparedness for natural disasters the role of social work in building social capital for sustainable disaster relief and management. International Social Work, 50(3), 357–369.Google Scholar
  22. McGoldrick, M., Giordano, J., & Garcia-Preto, N. (2005). Ethnicity and family therapy. New York: Guilford.Google Scholar
  23. McIntyre, J. (2009). Federal disaster mental health response and compliance with best practices. Manhattan, KS: Kansas State University. Retrieved from http://krex.k-state.edu/dspace/bitstream/handle/2097/2290/Jody%20McIntyre%202009.pdf?sequence=1 Google Scholar
  24. McIntyre, J., & Nelson Goff, B. (2011). Federal disaster mental health response and compliance with best practices. Community Mental Health Journal, 48, 723–728. doi: 10.1007/s10597-011-9421-x CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Mitchell, J. T., & Everly, G. S., Jr. (2001). Critical incident stress debriefing: An operations manual for prevention of traumatic stress among emergency services and disaster workers (3rd ed.). Ellicott City, MD: Chevron.Google Scholar
  26. National Biodefense Science Board (NBSB). (2008). Disaster Mental health recommendations: Report of the disaster mental health subcommittee of the national biodefense science board. Retrieved from http://www.phe.gov/Preparedness/legal/boards/nbsb/Documents/nsbs-dmhreport-final.pdf
  27. National Institute of Mental Health. (2002). Mental Health and Mass Violence: Evidence-based early psychological intervention for victims/survivors of mass violence. A Workshop to Reach Consensus on Best Practices. NIH Publication No. 02-5138, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.Google Scholar
  28. Norris, F. H., Friedman, M. J., Watson, P. J., Byrne, C. M., Diaz, E., & Kaniasty, K. (2002). 60,000 disaster victims speak: Part I. An empirical review of the empirical literature, 1981—2001. Psychiatry, 65(3), 207–239.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Norris, F. H., Stevens, S. P., Pfefferbaum, B., Wyche, K. F., & Pfefferbaum, R. L. (2008). Community resilience as a metaphor, theory, set of capacities, and strategy for disaster readiness. American Journal of Community Psychology, 41(1–2), 127–150.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. Patterson, O., Weil, F., & Patel, K. (2010). The role of community in disaster response: Conceptual models. Population Research and Policy Review, 29(2), 127–141.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Perliger, A., & Pedahzur, A. (2015). Counter cultures, group dynamics and religious terrorism. Political Studies, 64, 297–314. doi: 10.1111/1467-9248.12182 Google Scholar
  32. Pribanic, K. (2009). Reproductions of inequality: An expanded case study of social vulnerability to disaster and post-Katrina assistance. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY.Google Scholar
  33. Reznik, A., & Isralowitz, R. (2016). Immigration, acculturation and drug use. In R. Isralowitz & P. A. Findley (Eds.), Mental health and addiction care in the Middle East (pp. 109–123). New York: Springer.Google Scholar
  34. Silver, R. C., Holman, E. A., McIntosh, D. N., Poulin, M., & Gil-Rivas, V. (2002). Nationwide longitudinal study of psychological responses to September 11. Journal of the American Medical Association, 288(10), 1235–1244.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. Smit, B., & Wandel, J. (2006). Adaptation, adaptive capacity and vulnerability. Global environmental change. Human and Policy Dimensions, 16(3), 282–292.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Association (SAMHSA). (2007). Tips for talking with and helping children and youth cope after a disaster or traumatic event. Retrieved from http://www.samhsa.gov/dtac/docs/KEN01-0093R.pdf
  37. Taylor, S. E. (1983). Adjustment to threatening events: A theory of cognitive adaptation. American Psychologist, 38(11), 1161–1173.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Taylor, Z. (1999). Values, theories and methods in social work education: A culturally transferable core? International Social Work, 42(3), 309–318.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. The World Bank. (n.d.). Building resilient communities: Risk management and response to natural disasters through social funds and community driven development operations. Retrieved from http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTSF/Resources/Building_Resilient_Communities_Complete.pdf
  40. United Nations Development Program (UNDP). (2004). Reducing disaster risk: A challenge for development. New York: UNDP/Bureau for Crisis Prevention and Recovery.Google Scholar
  41. Wells, K. B., Tang, J., Lizaola, E., Jones, F., Brown, A., Stayton, A., et al. (2013). Applying community engagement to disaster planning: Developing the vision and design for the Los Angeles County Community Disaster Resilience initiative. American Journal of Public Health, 103(7), 1172–1180.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  42. West-Olatunji, C., & Goodman, R. (2011). Entering communities: Social justice oriented disaster response counseling. Journal of Humanistic Counseling, 50(2), 172–182. doi: 10.1002/j.2161-1939.2011.tb00116.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. World Health Organization. (2012). WHO quality rights toolkit: Assessing and improving quality and human rights in mental health and social care facilities. Geneva: World Health Organization. Retrieved from http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/70927/3/9789241548410_eng.pdf Google Scholar
  44. World Health Organization, War Trauma Foundation and World Vision International. (2011). Psychological first aid: Guide for field workers. Geneva: WHO.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Social WorkRutgers University, The State University of New JerseyNew BrunswickUSA

Personalised recommendations