From Implicit to Explicit Familialism: Post-1989 Family Policy Reforms in Poland

Chapter

Abstract

The goal of this chapter is to present the reforms of family policies in Poland and to analytically assess their direction and possible gendered effects. In particular, I will focus on three policy fields: parental leave reforms, childcare services and support in cash including child allowances and tax credits. My main argument is that the reforms of family policies extending financial family support might signal transformative change of the policy model from implicit to explicit familialism, as increase in monetary support is accompanied by only weak development of care services. Although Poland went quite smoothly through the economic crisis, the country did not invest so much in care services, but rather in financial support for the families, with stronger maternalist direction in public discourse on childbearing, especially during the right-wing coalition in office since November 2015.

Keywords

Poland Family policy Familialism Childcare Gender 

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© The Author(s) 2017

Open Access This chapter is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial License, which permits any noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Social Policy, Social Work and Social JusticeUniversity College DublinDublinIreland

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