Reconciliation of Employment and Childcare in Austria, Germany and Iceland. Examples for Gender Equality in Family Life?

  • Sigrid Leitner


The paper starts with theoretical assumptions and empirical findings on gender equality effects of reconciliation policies. Thereafter, childcare provision and parental leave schemes in Austria, Germany and Iceland are compared. While Germany and Austria may be classified as optional familialistic with a choice between paid parental leave and childcare services, Iceland follows a strong adult worker model with familizing and de-familizing policies in quick succession. Leave take-up rates of fathers and employment rates of mothers differ enormously between the three countries. This is due to differences in policy design with regard to father’s quotas, benefit levels and the length of the leave as well as to the availability of high quality childcare services. The advantages and shortfalls of the three different models of reconciliation will be analysed from a gender equality perspective.


Reconciliation policy Parental leave Gender equality 


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© The Author(s) 2017

Open Access This chapter is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial License, which permits any noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sigrid Leitner
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Management and Organization in Social Work (IMOS)University of Applied Sciences CologneCologneGermany

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