The Hierarchization of Migration

Return as Reinforcement of Socio-Economic Stratification
Part of the Migration, Diasporas and Citizenship book series (MDC)


In this chapter, Van Houte interrogates the expectations about the socio-economic characteristics of return migrants that inform the debate on the linkages between return migration, development and peace-building. Van Houte explores the interplay between socio-economic background, the migration experience, post-return embeddedness and mobility. By doing so, the author explores a new avenue of the hierarchization of mobility: the socio-economic stratification among voluntary and involuntary return migrants. Van Houte argues that socio-economic differences that existed prior to migration are reinforced by the migration experience, and that this results in strongly differentiated patterns of multidimensional embeddedness and transnational mobility upon return. These patterns reinforce previously existing socio-economic stratification and restrict expectations of return migration and development.


Host Country Return Migrant Migration Experience Refugee Status Security Situation 
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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.International Migration Institute Department of International DevelopmentUniversity of OxfordOxfordUK

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