A Political History of Conflict, Migration and Return
Part of the Migration, Diasporas and Citizenship book series (MDC)


This chapter sketches Afghanistan’s long, large-scale and diverse history of migration patterns of which migration to and return from Europe is only a small part. The case of Afghanistan is a relevant case study of the complex relationship between migration, conflict, development and return, for various reasons. First, Afghanistan’s protracted history of conflict and migration shows how the globally changing political discourses of the past decades have shaped migration strategies. Second, two major trigger events of this shifting discourse, the Cold War and the events of 11 September 2001, played a direct and crucial role in the history of Afghanistan. Third, the fact that in 2015, Afghans comprised the second largest group of asylum seekers, makes it again a relevant and timely case to focus on.


Host Country Asylum Seeker Return Migration Undocumented Migrant Transnational Network 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.International Migration Institute Department of International DevelopmentUniversity of OxfordOxfordUK

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