Path Directions Incoherence in PLS Path Modeling: A Prediction-Oriented Solution

  • Pasquale DolceEmail author
  • Vincenzo Esposito Vinzi
  • Carlo Lauro
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics book series (PROMS, volume 173)


PLS-PM presents some inconsistencies in terms of coherence with the direction of the relationships specified in the path diagram (i.e., the path directions). The PLS-PM iterative algorithm analyzes interdependence among blocks and misses to distinguish explicitly between dependent and explanatory blocks in the structural model. This inconsistency of PLS-PM is illustrated using the simple two-blocks model. For the case of more than two blocks of variables, it is necessary to have a close look at the different criteria optimized by PLS-PM to show this issue. In general, the role of latent variables in the structural model depends on the way the outer weights are calculated. A recently proposed method, called Non-Symmetrical Component-based Path Modeling, which is based on the optimization of a redundancy-related criterion in a multi-block framework, respects the direction of the relationships specified in the structural model. In order to assess the quality of the model, we provide a new goodness-of-fit index based on redundancy criterion and prediction capability. Furthermore, we provide a procedure to address the problem of multicollinearity within blocks of variables.


PLS Path Modeling Predictive Direction Redundancy Index 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pasquale Dolce
    • 1
    Email author
  • Vincenzo Esposito Vinzi
    • 2
  • Carlo Lauro
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Naples “Federico II”NaplesItaly
  2. 2.ESSEC Business SchoolCergy Pontoise CedexFrance

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