Is There a Need for Transnational Learning? The Case of Restructuring in Small Industrial Towns

  • Kenneth Nordberg
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Democracy, Innovation, and Entrepreneurship for Growth book series (DIG)


This study focuses on restructuring efforts in small industrial towns. The main object of study is the small town of Kaskö in Finland, where the closure of the pulp factory caused major difficulties for the small community. The short-term restructuring measures in the case of Kaskö are compared to the restructuring model in Norway, where a system for long-term economic restructuring through regional cooperation has been used for decades. In Kaskö, there is a lack of mutual understanding and cooperation, and the consequences of these disadvantages are demonstrated. The value of an empowered regional business development agency is evident, acting as the hub of an inclusive regional governance network, and aiming at reaching long-term agreements for continuously diversifying the regional business structure.


Regional development Industrial restructuring Governance networks 


  1. Act on Notification of Closure of Business, LOV 2008-06-06 nr 38.Google Scholar
  2. Act for Restructuring LOV 2008-06-06 nr 38.Google Scholar
  3. Ahlberg, A. (2008). Kuolema Voikkaalla: erään tehdasyhdyskunnan, ja pitkän perinteen loppu. Kuusankoski.Google Scholar
  4. Åström, A.-M. (1985). Social struktur och livsföring i Kaskö under 1900-talet. In Kaskö – kontinuitet och förändring i en småstad, Folklivsstudier (Vol. XVI). Helsingfors: Folkkultursarkivet.Google Scholar
  5. Bukve, O. (2008). The long and winding road: Regional reform in Norway. In O. Bukve, H. Halkier, & P. Souzas (Eds.), Toward new Nordic regions – Politics, administration and regional development. Aalborg: Aalborg Universitetsforlag.Google Scholar
  6. Grindheim, J. E. (2004). Norway. In S. Dosenrode & H. Halkier (Eds.), The Nordic regions and the European Union. Aalborg: Aalborg University.Google Scholar
  7. Jessop, B. (2008). State power. Cambridge: Polity Press.Google Scholar
  8. Karlsen, A., & Lindeløv, B. (1998). Omstillingspolitikk i møte med praksis – et spørsmål om forankring, NF-rapport nr 8/98. Bodø: Nordlandsforskning.Google Scholar
  9. Leknes, E. (2002). Fylkeskommunen som regional utviklingsaktør – eksempler fra Vest- og Sørlandet, Arbeidsnotat RF – 2002/151. Stavanger: Rogalandsforskning.Google Scholar
  10. Mäkitalo, J., & Paasivirta, A. (2011). Äkillisten rakennemuutosten hoitomallin kehittyminen työ- ja elinkeinoministeriössä. In Työpoliittinen Aikakauskirja 2/2011. Helsinki: Ministry of Employment and Economy.Google Scholar
  11. Mariussen, Å. (1996). Innledning. In Å. Mariussen, A. Karlsen, & O. J. Andersen (Eds.), Omstilling – fraløsrivingtil ny forankring. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget.Google Scholar
  12. Mariussen, Å., & Karlsen, A. (1997). Innledning. In Evaluering av arbeidet med omstilling i kommuner/regioner med ensidig næringsgrunnlag, NF-rapport nr 5/97. Bodø: Nordlandsforskning.Google Scholar
  13. Ministry of Finance. (2009). Reform project for regional administration (“ALKU-project”). Helsinki: Ministry of Finance Publications.Google Scholar
  14. Næringskomiteen. (2008). Innstillingtil odelstinget fra næringskomitee, Innst. O. nr. 37. Oslo: Stortinget.Google Scholar
  15. Nonaka, I., & Takeuchi, H. (1995). The knowledge-creating company: How Japanese companies create the dynamics of innovation. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  16. NOU. (1983). Problemer og muligheter på ensidige industristeder. Oslo: Ministry of Local Government and Regional Development.Google Scholar
  17. NOU. (2000). Om oppgavefordelingen mellom stat, region og kommune. Oslo: Ministry of Local Government and Regional Development.Google Scholar
  18. Ornston, D., & Rehn, O. (2005). An old consensus in the “New” economy? Institutional adaptation: Technological innovation and economic restructuring in Finland. Discussion paper, Berkley Roundtable on the International Economy, Róbinson Rojas Archive.Google Scholar
  19. Räsänen, M. (1985). Utgångpunkter. In A.-M. Åström (Ed.), Kaskö – Kontinuitet och Förändring i en Småstad, Folklivsstudier (Vol. XVI, pp. 9–49). Helsinki: Folkkultursarkivet.Google Scholar
  20. Regional Development Act from 2009 (1651/2009).Google Scholar
  21. Westerlund, L. (1989). Statsbygge och distriktsförvaltning. Åbo: Åbo Academy Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kenneth Nordberg
    • 1
  1. 1.Åbo Akademi UniversityVasaFinland

Personalised recommendations