Advertisement

Towards Understanding Senior Citizens’ Gateball Participations Behavior and Well-Being: An Application of the Theory of Planned Behavior

  • Chia-Chien Hsu
  • Yu-Chin Hsu
  • Ching-Torng LinEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 9735)

Abstract

Successful aging is expected goal for every older adult. Well-being has been considered an important indicator of successful aging. Thus the aim of this study is applying the Theory of Planned Behavior to investigate senior citizens’ leisure participation behavior and their perceived psychological well-being of participating in gateball-playing activities. We analyze a survey of 614 Taiwanese senior citizens gateball players to test the hypothesized. The results indicated that perceived behavioral control, attitude, and subjective norm have significant positive effects on gateball participation behavior, and ultimately significant positive impact on senior citizens’ perceived psychological well-being. Perceived usefulness and perceived ease of use have positive and significant effects on attitude. Friend/co-worker influences have significant positive effects on subjective norm. Both resource facilitating conditions and self-efficacy have significant positive effects on perceived behavioral control. Managerial implications and suggestions are also discussed in this study.

Keywords

Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) Gateball Exercise behavior Psychological well-being 

References

  1. 1.
    Adams, K.B., Leibbrandt, S., Moon, H.: A critical review of the literature on social and leisure activity and wellbeing in later life. Ageing Soc. 31, 683–712 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ajzen, I.: The theory of planned behavior. Organ. Behav. Hum. Decis. Process. 50, 179–211 (1991)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ajzen, I.: Nature and operation of attitudes. Annu. Rev. Psychol. 52, 27–58 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ajzen, I., Fishbein, M.: Understanding Attitudes and Predicting Social Behavior. Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs (1980)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ajzen, I., Driver, B.L.: Application of the theory of planned behavior to leisure choice. J. Leisure Res. 24, 207–224 (1992)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Armitage, C.J., Conner, M.: Efficacy of the theory of planned behavior: a meta-analytic review. Br. J. Soc. Psychol. 40, 471–499 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Armitage, C.J., Christian, J.: From attitudes to behaviour: basic and applied research on the Theory of Planned Behaviour. Curr. Psychol. 22(3), 187–195 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Bagozzi, R.P., Yi, Y.: On the evaluation of structural equation models. J. Acad. Mark. Sci. 16, 74–94 (1988)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Bandura, A.: Self-efficacy mechanism in human agency. Am. Psychol. 37, 122–147 (1982)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Bandura, A.: Self-efficacy: The Exercise of Control. W.H. Freeman, New York (1997)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Cardinal, B.J.: Assessing the physical activity of inactive older adults. Adap. Phys. Act. Quart. 14, 65–73 (1997)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Chang, C.M., Chen, N.C., Lin, C.L.: The study on the differences of elementary school students’ technological acceptance models between Wii and XBOX-360 KINECT’s sports games. J. Sport Leisure Hospitality Res. 7(2), 103–118 (2012)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Chen, Y., Feeley, T.H.: Social support, social strain, loneliness, and well-being among older adults: an analysis of the health and retirement study. J. Soc. Pers. Relat. 31(2), 141–161 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Curtis, J., Weiler, B., Ham, S.: Identifying beliefs underlying visitor behaviour: a comparative elicitation study based on the Theory of Planned Behaviour. Ann. Leisure Res. 13(4), 1–22 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Davis, F.D.: Perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use, and user acceptance of information technology. MIS Q. 13(3), 319–340 (1989)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Downs, D.S., Hausenblas, H.A.: Elicitation studies and the Theory of Planned Behavior: a systematic review of exercise beliefs. Psychol. Sport Exerc. 6, 1–31 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Fishbein, M., Ajzen, I.: Belief, Attitude, Intention, and Behavior: An Introduction to Theory and Research. Addison-Wesley Publishing, Reading (1975)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Fornell, C., Larcker, D.F.: Evaluating structural equation models with unobservable and measurement error. J. Mark. Res. 18, 39–50 (1981)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Gallant, M.P., Spitze, G.D., Prohaska, T.R.: Help or hindrance? How family and friends influence chronic illness self-management among older adults. Res. Aging 29(5), 375–409 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Hair, J.F., Anderson, R.E., Tatham, R.L., Black, W.C.: Multivariate Data Analysis. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River (1998)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Han, H., Hsu, L.T.J., Sheu, C.: Application of the Theory of Planned Behavior to green hotel choice: testing the effect of environmental friendly activities. Tour. Manag. 31, 325–334 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Hassmen, P., Koivula, N., Uutela, A.: Physical exercise and psychological well-being: a population study in Finland. Prev. Med. 30, 17–25 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Hills, P., Argyle, M.: The Oxford happiness questionnaire: a compact scale for the measurement of psychological well-being. Pers. Individ. Differ. 33, 1073–1082 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Kalab, K.A.: Playing gateball: a game of the Japanese elderly. J. Aging Stud. 6(1), 23–40 (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Lawton, M.P.: Personality and affective correlates of leisure activity participation by older people. J. Leisure Res. 26, 138–157 (1994)Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Lay, Y.L.: The effectiveness of how TAM theories enhanced the “perceived playfulness” - a case study of university students’ participation of tennis activities for verification. J. Sport Recreat. Res. 2(4), 122–137 (2008)Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Leitner, M.J., Leitner, S.F.: Leisure in Later Life. Sagamore Publishing, Urbana (2012)zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Milne, S., Orbell, S., Sheeran, P.: Combining motivational and volitional interventions to promote exercise participation: protection motivation theory and implementation intentions. Br. J. Health Psychol. 7(2), 163–184 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Minhat, H.S., Rahmah, M.A., Khadijah, S.: Continuity theory of aging and leisure participation among elderly attending selected health clinics in Selangor. Int. Med. J. Malays. 12(2), 51–58 (2013)Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Netz, Y., Wu, M.J., Becker, B.J., Tenenbaum, G.: Physical activity and psychological well-being in advanced age: a meta-analysis of intervention studies. Psychol. Aging 20(2), 272–284 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Park, C.H., Elavsky, S., Koo, K.M.: Factors influencing physical activity in older adults. J. Exerc. Rehabil. 10(1), 45–52 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Riddick, C.C., Daniel, S.N.: The relative contribution of leisure activities and other factors to the mental health of old women. J. Leisure Res. 16(2), 136–148 (1984)Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Silverstein, M., Parker, M.G.: Leisure activities and quality of life among the oldest old in Sweden. Res. Aging 24, 528–547 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Taylor, S., Todd, P.A.: Understanding information technology usage: a test of competing models. Inf. Syst. Res. 6(2), 144–176 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Toepoel, V.: Aging, leisure, and social connectedness: how could leisure help reduce social isolation of older people? Soc. Indic. Res. 113, 355–372 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Venkatesh, V., Davis, F.D.: The theoretical extension of the Technology Acceptance Model: four longitudinal field studies. Manage. Sci. 46(2), 186–204 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Xu, J., Roberts, R.E.: The power of positive emotions: it’s a matter of life or death – subjective well-being and longevity over 28 years in a general population. Health Psychol. 29, 9–19 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Leisure and Recreation ManagementKainan UniversityTaoyuanTaiwan
  2. 2.Department of Information ManagementDayeh UniversityChanghua CountyTaiwan

Personalised recommendations