The Common Characteristics of User-Defined and Mid-Air Gestures for Rotating 3D Digital Contents

  • Li-Chieh Chen
  • Yun-Maw ChengEmail author
  • Po-Ying Chu
  • Frode Eika Sandnes
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 9738)


Recently, the technology of mid-air gestures for manipulating 3D digital contents has become an important research issue. In order to conform to the needs of users and contexts, eliciting user-defined gestures is inevitable. However, it was reported that user-defined hand gestures tended to vary significantly in posture, motion and speed, making it difficult to identify common characteristics. In this research, the authors conducted an experiment to study the intuitive hand gestures for controlling the rotation of 3D digital furniture. Twenty graduate students majored in Industrial Design were invited to participate in the task. Although there were great varieties among different participants, common characteristics were extracted through systematic behavior coding and analysis. The results indicated that open palm and D Handshape (American Sign Language) were the most intuitive hand poses. In addition, moving hands along the circumference of a horizontal circle was the most intuitive hand motion and trajectory.


Mid-air gesture User-defined gesture 3D digital content rotation 



The authors would like to express our gratitude to the Ministry of Science and Technology of the Republic of China for financially supporting this research under Grant No. MOST 104-2221-E-036-020.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Li-Chieh Chen
    • 1
  • Yun-Maw Cheng
    • 2
    Email author
  • Po-Ying Chu
    • 1
  • Frode Eika Sandnes
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Industrial DesignTatung UniversityTaipeiTaiwan
  2. 2.Graduate Institute of Design Science, Department of Computer Science and EngineeringTatung UniversityTaipeiTaiwan
  3. 3.Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied SciencesOsloNorway

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