Fetal Aortic Valvuloplasty: State of the Art

  • Francesca R. PluchinottaEmail author
  • Wayne Tworetzky


The most commonly performed fetal cardiac intervention (FCI) is aortic balloon valvuloplasty. The primary aim of fetal aortic valvuloplasty is to modify the in utero natural history of severe aortic stenosis, characterized by left heart growth arrest, and prevent progression to hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS).


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Pediatric CardiologyIstituto Policlinico San Donato IRCCSSan Donato MilaneseItaly
  2. 2.Department of CardiologyChildren’s HospitalBostonUSA

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