Literature and Results

  • Jacqueline KreutzerEmail author
  • Sara M. Trucco


Since the early 90s hybrid therapies have been used to treat pulmonary artery stenosis. Overtime expertise has grown and now hybrid pulmonary artery interventions are relatively common in pediatric cardiology, as they offer particular advantages over standard either catheter or surgical techniques alone. A literature review demonstrates that most reports include a relatively small number of patients, in whom procedures are performed either under direct vision and cardiopulmonary bypass or via open chest with direct puncture into the pulmonary artery or right ventricular outflow tract. Feasibly and safety is demonstrated, with a relatively low incidence of serious complication rates. The published experience enhances the importance of hybrid therapies as a therapeutic alternative for pulmonary artery stenosis.


Pulmonary Artery Cardiopulmonary Bypass Stent Implantation Main Pulmonary Artery Branch Pulmonary Artery 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Pediatric CardiologyChildren’s Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMCPittsburghUSA

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