Hybrid Approach to Pulmonary Artery Stenosis

  • Evan ZahnEmail author


Since its description nearly 25 years ago [1, 2], endovascular stent therapy has become the procedure of choice in many settings involving pulmonary artery stenosis. Early descriptions suggested this therapy was only suitable for larger children and adults; however, advances in technique and technology have allowed pulmonary artery stent therapy to be safely and effectively performed in younger children and infants [3–5]. While improvements in delivery technique, balloon, stent, and sheath technology have made percutaneous stent implantation a more accomplishable procedure, there are numerous clinical scenarios where hybrid stent implantation may be preferable.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Guerin Family Congenital Heart ProgramCedars-Sinai Heart InstituteLos AngelesUSA

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