Future Perspectives on Fetal Pulmonary Valvuloplasty

  • Gerald TulzerEmail author


Prenatal intracardiac interventions for PA/IVS or CPS are still in its early stages. So far it has been shown that pulmonary valve perforations and dilations are technically feasible and have the potential to change fetal hemodynamics. The first case series and our experience have been promising, but a lot of issues have to be clarified and improved before it will become clinical routine.


Pericardial Effusion Fetal Heart Amniotic Membrane Fetal Intervention Fetal Hemodynamic 
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Pediatric CardiologyChildren’s Heart Center Linz, Kepler University Hospital LinzLinzAustria

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