Advertisement

Teaching Photovoltaic Principles at the University

  • Hussein A. KazemEmail author
Chapter
  • 619 Downloads

Abstract

This chapter presents teaching photovoltaic principles at universities. To understand the principles, design, operation, and performance of photovoltaic systems, it is important to discuss the solar radiation and different elements that affect them. The first part of this chapter discusses solar radiation, insolation, elements that affect solar radiation, insolation on tracking surface, stationary surface, and horizontal surface.

Keywords

Photovoltaic concepts Systems and applications Solar cells Solar energy Renewable energy 

References

  1. 1.
    Aldo V. DaRose, Fundamentals of renewable energy processes, (Elsevier, 2005)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Hussein A. Kazem, Renewable and sustainable energy, principles and applications, 1st edition, 978–3-659-46238-2 (LAMBERT Academic Publishing, Germany, 2013)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    H.A. Kazem, T. Khatib, K. Sopian, Sizing of a standalone photovoltaic/battery system at minimum cost for remote housing electrification in Sohar, Oman. Energy Build. 6C, 108–115 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    H.A. Kazem, T. Khatib, Techno-economical assessment of grid connected photovoltaic power systems productivity in Oman. Sustain. Energy Technol. Assess. 3, 61–64 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Hussein A. Kazem, Tamer Khatib, Photovoltaic power system prospective in Oman, Technical and economic study, 1st edition, ISBN: 978-3659372957, (LAMBERT Academic Publishing, Germany)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Tomas Markvart, Solar electricity, 2nd edition, (Wiley, University of Southampton, UK)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    V. Quaschning, Understanding renewable energy systems (Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH, Munich, Germany, 2005)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Alfred Smee, Elements of electro-biology: or the voltaic mechanism of man; of electro-pathology, especially of the nervous system; and of electro-therapeutics, (Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans, London, 1849), p. 15Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Nobel Price official, The Nobel prize in physics 1921: Albert Einstein. Nobel Price official, www.nobelprize.org
  10. 10.
    D.E. Carlson, C.R. Wronski, Amorphous silicon solar cells. Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 671–673 (1976)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    R.J. Handy, Theoretical analysis of the series resistance of a solar cell. Solid State Electron. 10, 765 (1967)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Allen Barnett, et al., Milestones toward 50% efficient solar cell modules, 22nd Photovoltaic European Solar Energy Conference, Milan–Italy, 3 Sept, 2007Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    European Directory of Renewable Energy, 1991Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Godfrey Boyle, Energy systems and sustainability: Power for a sustainable future. (Open University, Oxford U Press, 2004)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    R. Hill, Prospects for photovoltaics. Energy World, 208, 8–11, original data updated by Hynes K. and Hill R. in 1999Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    IEEE Standard 1262–1995, Recommended practice for qualification of Photovoltaic (PV) modules, (IEEE, Piscataway, NJ, 1995)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    W. Xiao, N. Ozog, W.G. Dunford, Topology study of photovoltaic interface for maximum power point tracking. IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron. 54(3), 1696–1704 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Hussein Kazem, Bahiya Al-Rawahi, Galiya Al-Shabibi, Talal Al-Nabhani, Solar energy in sultanate of Oman, International Renewable Energy Congress IREC2010, Sousse Tunisia, 5–7 Nov, 2010, pp. 36–39Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    National Renewable Energy Laboratory. NREAL: NREL Solar cell sets world efficiency record at 40.8 percent, 21 Oct, 2008Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Ting Chung Yu, Tang Shiuan Chien, Analysis and simulation of characteristics and maximum power point tracking for photovoltaic systems. International Conference on Power Electronics and Drive Systems, PEDS 2009, pp. 1339–1344Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Photon International (February, 2009 and 2010)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Proceedings of the IEEE PVSC (US), the European PVSEC (EU), and the Pacific Rim PVSEC (Asia and Australia)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    The US PV industry roadmap through 2030 and beyond. www.seia.org
  24. 24.
    Lawrence L. Kazmerski, Photovoltaic: history, technology, markets, manufacturing, applications, and outlook. 84 th International Seminar in Brighton, Renewable Energy Policy, Security, Electricity, Sustainable Transport, Water Resources/Management and Environment, Brighton, UK, 3–9 Jul 2011Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Gilbert, Renewable and efficient electric power systems. (John Wiley & Sons,Hoboken, NJ, 2004)Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    H.A. Kazem, T. Khatib, K. Sopian, W. Elmenreich, Performance and feasibility assessment of a 1.4kW roof top grid-connected photovoltaic power system under desertic weather conditions. Energy Build. 82, 123–129 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Hussein A. Kazem, Tamer Khatib, A novel numerical algorithm for optimal sizing of a photovoltaic/wind/diesel generator/battery microgrid using loss of load probability index. Int J Photoenergy, p. 8 (March 2013)Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    H. Mousazadeh, A. Keyhani, A. Javadi, H. Mobli, K. Abrinia, A. Sharifi, A review of principle and sun-tracking methods for maximizing solar systems output. Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 13, 1800–1818 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Hussein A Kazem, Amira M. S. Al-Aisaee, K. Sopian, Ahmed Said Albusaidi, M.H. Albadi, Design and evaluation of photovoltaic systems using different techniques. International Conference on Advances in Electrical and Electronics Engineering (ICAEEE’2014), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 15–16 Jan 2014Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Hussein A. Kazem, Tamer Khatib, Ali A K Alwaeli, Optimization of photovoltaic modules title angle for Oman. 7th IEEE International Power Engineering and Optimization Conference PEOCO2013, Malaysia, 3–4 June 2013, pp. 700–704Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Endecon Engineering, A guide to photovoltaic system design and installation, California Energy Commission, Version 1.0, June 14, 2001Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Geoffrey T. Klise Joshua S. Stein, Models used to assess the performance of photovoltaic systems, Sandia National Laboratories, SANDIA REPORT, SAND2009-8258, Unlimited Release, Printed December 2009Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Sohar UniversitySoharOman

Personalised recommendations