Postoperative Imaging and Findings
The practice of pediatric urology and uroradiology has changed a great deal in recent years. The increase in the clinical use of antenatal ultrasonography (US) and its ability to provide anatomic information about the developing fetus has led to the growth and development of perinatal urology. There has been a significant increase in the number of genitourinary anomalies diagnosed in the prenatal and newborn period, and greater attention is paid to postnatal assessment, diagnosis, and management, including follow-up imaging of these infants. The urological conditions requiring surgery are varied, but the abnormalities that require the most frequent surgical intervention are those that give rise to urinary tract dilatation (UTD). This chapter aims at discussing the short- and long-term postoperative follow-up of common situations including assessment of complications and long-term monitoring; rarer conditions or aspects that are addressed in other chapters of this book (e.g., prune-belly syndrome, renal transplantation, etc.) are omitted and not addressed again.
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