Internal Whitening and At-Home Tray Whitening



Tooth whitening outcomes may be optimized when different bleaching techniques are combined. For patients with generalized physiological tooth discoloration and darkened endodontically treated teeth, internal tooth whitening of these nonvital teeth followed by at-home whitening of both arches is the recommended treatment. Dentists must inform their patients about the expected outcomes of each procedure and provide an evidence-based choice.


Root Canal Root Resorption Root Canal Treatment Fiber Post Ceramic Restoration 
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  1. Swift EJ Jr, May KN Jr, Wilder AD Jr, Heymann HO, Bayne SC (1999) Two-year clinical evaluation of tooth whitening using an at-home bleaching system. J Esthet Dent 11:36–42CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Private PracticeFlorianópolisBrazil
  2. 2.Department of DentistryFederal University of Santa Catarina, Campus UniversitárioFlorianópolisBrazil
  3. 3.Department of Restorative SciencesUniversity of MinnesotaMinneapolisUSA

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