Thucydides the Constructivist

Part of the Pioneers in Arts, Humanities, Science, Engineering, Practice book series (PAHSEP, volume 2)


The most superficial level of Thucydides’ history examines the destructive consequences of domestic and foreign policies framed outside the language of justice. His deeper political-philosophical aim was to explore the relationship between nomos (convention) and phusis (nature) and its implications for civilization.


Foreign Policy International Order Brute Fact Greek Tragedy Epic Poetry 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Adcock, F. E. 1957. The Greek and Macedonian Art of War (Berkeley: University of California Press).Google Scholar
  2. Aeschylus. 1938. Agamemnon. In The Complete Greek Drama, vol. 1, ed. Whitney J. Oates and Eugene O’Neill, Jr. (New York: Random House), pp. 167–225.Google Scholar
  3. Alker, Hayward R. 1988. “The Dialectical Logic of Thucydides’ Melian Dialogue.” American Political Science Review 82 (September): 806–20.Google Scholar
  4. Alker, Hayward R. 1996. Rediscoveries and Reformulations: Humanistic Methods for International Studies (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).Google Scholar
  5. Austin, J. L. 1975. How to Do Things with Words, 2d. ed., ed. J. O. (Cambridge: Harvard University Press).Google Scholar
  6. Beye, Charles Rowan. 1987. Ancient Greek Literature and Society, 2d rev. ed. (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press).Google Scholar
  7. Bowersock, Glen P. 1965. “The Personality of Thucydides”. Antioch Review 35 (1): 135–45.Google Scholar
  8. Bury, J. B., Meiggs, Russell. 1975. History of Greece to the Death of Alexander the Great, 4th rev. ed. (New York: St. Martin’s).Google Scholar
  9. Cochrane, Charles. 1929. Thucydides and the Science of History (Oxford: Oxford University Press).Google Scholar
  10. Connor, W. Robert. 1984. Thucydides (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press).Google Scholar
  11. Cornford, F. M. 1907. Thucydides Mythistoricus (London: Arnold. Crane, Gregory, 1998). Thucydides and the Ancient Simplicity: The Limits of Political Realism (Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press).Google Scholar
  12. Democritus. 1956. In Die Fragmente der Vorsakratiker, ed. Hermann Diels and Walther Kranz (Berlin: Weidmannsche Verlagsbuchhandlung), pp. 56–7.Google Scholar
  13. de Ste. Croix, G. E. M. 1972. The Origins of the Peloponnesian War (London: Duckworth).Google Scholar
  14. Dionysus of Halicarnassus. 1975. On Thucydides, trans. W. Kendrick Pritchett (Berkeley: University of California Press).Google Scholar
  15. Doyle, Michael W. 1997. Ways of War and Peace (New York: Norton).Google Scholar
  16. Ellis, J. R. 1991. “The Structure and Argument of Thucydides’ Archeology.” Classical Antiquity 10 (2): 344–75.Google Scholar
  17. Euben, J. Peter. 1990. The Tragedy of Political Theory: The Road Not Taken. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  18. Finley, John H., Jr. [1942] 1967. Thucydides. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.Google Scholar
  19. Finnemore, Martha, and Kathryn Sikkink. 1998. “International Norm Dynamics and Political Change.” International Organization 52 (Autumn): 887–918.Google Scholar
  20. Forde, Steven. 1989. The Ambition to Rule. Alcibiades and the Polities of Imperialism in Thucydides (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press).Google Scholar
  21. Forde, Steven. 1992. “Varieties of Realism: Thucydides and Machia- velli.” Journal of Politics 54 (May): 372–93.Google Scholar
  22. Garst, Daniel. 1989. “Thucydides and Neorealism” International Studies Quarterly 33 (1): 469–97.Google Scholar
  23. Gilpin, Robert. 1986. “The Richness of the Tradition of Political Realism.” In Neorealism and Its Critics, ed. Robert O. Keohane. New York: Columbia University Press. Pp. 301–21.Google Scholar
  24. Guthrie, W. K. C. 1969. A History of Greek Philosophy, 5 vols. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).Google Scholar
  25. Havelock, Eric A. 1963. Preface to Plato (Cambridge: Harvard University Press).Google Scholar
  26. Herodotus. 1958. The Histories of Herodotus of Halicarnassus, trans. Harry Carter (New York: Heritage Press).Google Scholar
  27. Herwig, Holger H. 1997. The First World War: Germany and Austria- Hungary, 1914–1918 (London: Arnold).Google Scholar
  28. Homer. 1951. The Iliad of Homer, trans. Richmond Lattimore (Chicago: University of Chicago Press).Google Scholar
  29. Hopf, Ted. 2002. Constructing International Relations at Home: Finding Allies in Moscow, 1995–1999 (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press).Google Scholar
  30. Jaeger, Werner. 1939–45. Paideia: The Ideals of Greek Culture, 3 vols., trans. Gilbert Highet. (Oxford: Blackwell).Google Scholar
  31. Kagan, Donald. 1969. The Outbreak of the Peloponnesian War. Ithaca, NY: Cornell (University Press).Google Scholar
  32. Kerford, G. B. 1981. The Sophistic Movement (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).Google Scholar
  33. Kokaz, Nancy 2001. “Moderating Power: A Thucydidean Perspective.” Review of International Studies 27 (January): 27–49.Google Scholar
  34. Kratochwil, Friedrich V. 1989. Rules, Norms, and Decisions: On the Conditions of Political and Legal Reasoning in International Relations and Domestic Affairs (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).Google Scholar
  35. Kratochwil, Friedrich V., and John Gerard Ruggie. 1986. “International Organization: A State of the Art on an Art of the State,” International Organization 49 (Autumn): 753–75.Google Scholar
  36. Lain Entralgo, Pedro. 1970. The Therapy of the Word in Classical Antiquity, ed. and trans. E. J. Rather and John M. Sharp (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press).Google Scholar
  37. Lebow, Richard Ned. 1991. “Thucydides, Power Transition Theory, and the Causes of War.” In Hegemonic Rivalry: From Thucydides to the Nuclear Age, ed. Richard Ned Lebow and Barry S. Strauss (Boulder, CO: Westview), pp. 125–68.Google Scholar
  38. Lebow, Richard Ned. 1996. “Play It Again Pericles: Agents, Structures and the Peloponnesian War.” European Journal of International Relations 2 (June): 231–58.Google Scholar
  39. Lebow, Richard Ned, and Robert Kelly. 2001. “‘Thucydides and Hegemony’: Athens and the United States.” Review of International Studies 27 (October), pp. 1–17.Google Scholar
  40. Levy, Jack S. 1992. “An Introduction to Prospect Theory.” Political Psychology 13 (June): 171–86.Google Scholar
  41. Levy, Jack S. 1996. “Loss Aversion, Framing and Bargaining: The Implications of Prospect Theory for International Conflict.” International Political Science Review 17 (2): 179–95.Google Scholar
  42. Lloyd, Geoffrey E. R. 1978. Magic, Reason and Experience: Studies in the Origins and Development of Greek Science (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).Google Scholar
  43. Luce, T. J. 1997. The Greek Historians (London: Routledge).Google Scholar
  44. Meiggs, Russell. 1972. The Athenian Empire (Oxford: Oxford University Press).Google Scholar
  45. Monoson, S. Sara, and Michael Loriaux. 1998. “The Illusion of Power and the Disruption of Moral Norms: Thucydides’ Critique of Periclean Policy.” American Political Science Review 92 (June): 285–98.Google Scholar
  46. Morgenthau, Hans J. [1951] 1982. In Defense of the National Interest: A Critical Examination of American Foreign Policy (Lanham, MD: University Press of America).Google Scholar
  47. Murray, Williamson, and Allan R. Millet. 2000. A War to Be Won: Fighting the Second World War (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press).Google Scholar
  48. Ober, Josiah. 1989. Mass and Elite in Democratic Athens: Rhetoric, Ideology, and the Power of the People (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press).Google Scholar
  49. Ober, Josiah. 1998. Political Dissent in Democratic Athens: Intellectual Critics of Popular Rule (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press).Google Scholar
  50. Onuf, Nicholas Greenwood. 1989. World of Our Making: Rules and Rule in Social Theory and International Relations (Columbia: University of South Carolina Press).Google Scholar
  51. Orwin, Clifford. 1994. The Humanity of Thucydides (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press).Google Scholar
  52. Perlman, Shalom. 1991. “Hegemony and Arche in Greece: Fourth- Century Views.” In Hegemonic Rivalry: From Thucydides to the Nuclear Age, ed. Richard Ned Lebow and Barry Strauss (Boulder, CO: Westview). pp. 269–86.Google Scholar
  53. Rahe, Paul A. 1996. “Thucydides Critique of Realpolitik.” In Roots of Realism, ed. Benjamin Frankel. Portland, OR: Frank Cass. Pp. 105–41.Google Scholar
  54. Rawlings, Hunter R., III. 1981. The Structure of Thucydides (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press).Google Scholar
  55. Romilly, Jacqueline de. 1990. La construction de la verite chez Thucydide (Paris: Julliard).Google Scholar
  56. Saxonhouse, Arlene W. 1996. Athenian Democracy: Modem Myth- Makers and Ancient Theorists (South Bend, IN: University of Notre Dame Press).Google Scholar
  57. Searle, John R. 1995. The Construction of Social Reality (New York: Free Press).Google Scholar
  58. Sbisa, Urmson and Sbisa, Marina, Bedford, David, Workman, Thom. 2001. “The Tragic Reading of the Thucydidean Tragedy.” Review of International Studies 27 (January), pp. 51–67.Google Scholar
  59. Stahl, Hans-Peter. 1966. Thucydides: Die Stellung des Menschen im geschichlichen Prozess (Munich: C. H. Beck).Google Scholar
  60. Strauss, Barry S. 1986. Athens after the Peloponnesian War (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press).Google Scholar
  61. Thucydides. 1996. The Landmark Thucydides: A Comprehensive Guide to the Peloponnesian War, ed. Robert B. Strassler (New York: Free Press).Google Scholar
  62. Tversky, Amos, and Daniel Kahneman. 1992. “Advances in Prospect Theory: Cumulative Representation of Uncertainty.” Journal of Risk and Uncertainty 5 (2): 297–323.Google Scholar
  63. Wallace, W. P. 1964. “Thucydides.” Phoenix 18 (4): 251–61.Google Scholar
  64. Waltz, Kenneth. 1979. The Theory of International Politics (Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley).Google Scholar
  65. Weinberg, Gerhard L. 1994. A World at War: A Global History of World War II (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press).Google Scholar
  66. White, James Boyd. 1984. When Words Lose Their Meaning: Constitutions and Reconstitutions of Language, Character and Community (Chicago: University of Chicago Press).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of War StudiesKing’s College LondonLondonUK

Personalised recommendations