In the process of development, every society feels the need for adaptation in accordance with constantly changing cultural conditions. Consequently, the process of modernisation is observed at all historical stages of development of society, since it is a development, and it is a necessary condition for the existence of every system. In every socium, this process is carried out differently depending on local specificity, which makes the variance of ways of development conditional. Consequently, cultural changes can be realised in different ways. The process of transformation is accompanied by contradictions and complexities because it presupposes changes. However, the moment, which in the classical variant of modernisation is examined as the process of the unification of cultures, brings about some confrontation of these concepts, because “identity” is the ability of the maintenance and succession of cultural standards. The main thing is that the essence should be preserved in a culture and its transformed forms.
KeywordsModernisation Society Culture Transformation Development National self identification Identity
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