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Traumatic Brain Injury

  • Sofya H. Asfaw
  • Niels Douglas Martin
Chapter

Abstract

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is acquired from a preceding traumatic event causing injury to the brain. Injuries can be transient or permanent, and focal or diffuse and are generally classified as mild, moderate, or severe. It is a multidisciplinary disease that frequently involves the care and expertise of trauma surgeons, neurosurgeons, neurologists, critical care intensivists, physiatrists, and a host of ancillary specialists. The often acute and changing nature of the disease requires that providers are adept at diagnosis and treatment. Frequently, care delivery and coordination rest on the shoulders of the intensivist. As such, critical care providers should have a firm grasp on the basic principles of brain injury, resuscitation, and treatment.

Keywords

Traumatic brain injury Intracranial pressure Intracranial hemorrhage Cerebral perfusion pressure Glasgow Coma score Intraparenchymal hemorrhage 

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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Traumatology, Surgical Critical Care, and Emergency SurgeryPerelman School of Medicine at The University of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA
  2. 2.Department of SurgeryUniversity of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA

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