Trauma

  • D. Joshua Mancini
  • Mark J. Seamon
  • C. William Schwab
Chapter

Abstract

Care of the trauma patient in the intensive care unit (ICU) involves a multidisciplinary team and approach. Early in the patient’s course, the focus is on resuscitation and restoration of oxygenation and blood flow. Examination for unidentified injuries occurs throughout the initial phase of the patient’s care. Later in the ICU course, the focus shifts to prevention and management of organ dysfunction, physical therapy, and rehabilitation and ultimately preparation for discharge from the ICU. This chapter will guide the reader through the initial assessment of the trauma patient in the ICU based on the same ABCDE framework used in the trauma bay: airway, breathing, circulation, disability, and exposure. Subsequent care of the ICU trauma patient will be detailed based on an organ system approach. Throughout the trauma patient’s stay in the ICU, a systems-based approach to care for the patient avoids missed or delayed identification of injuries and enables a complete assessment of the patient.

Keywords

Critical care Trauma Injury Resuscitation Intensive care unit 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Open Access This chapter is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial License, which permits any noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Joshua Mancini
    • 1
  • Mark J. Seamon
    • 2
  • C. William Schwab
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of SurgeryDartmouth-HitchcockLebanonUSA
  2. 2.Division of Traumatology, Surgical Critical Care & Emergency MedicineHospital of the University of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA
  3. 3.Department of SurgeryHospital of the University of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA

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