Assessment China–ASEAN relations: Indonesian Workshops

  • Tilman Pradt


In the early 1990s, the Indonesian Department of Foreign Affairs initiated an informal and unofficial forum for dialogue over the protracted territorial disputes of the South China Sea (SCS). Participating in this informal approach (Track II diplomacy) were representatives of China and the Southeast Asian claimants to the disputed islets in the Spratly Islands. Pradt describes the initiation and development of the workshop series in detail, and outlines the design of the meetings and agenda of the working groups. The draft proposals that later became part of official diplomatic negotiations are analysed with a special focus on China’s participation and behaviour in these multilateral meetings. The outcome of the workshops is analysed in regard to its contribution to facilitating progress on the SCS territorial disputes.


Territorial Dispute ASEAN Member Workshop Series Technical Work Group Security Cooperation 
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© The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tilman Pradt
    • 1
  1. 1.Business Network MarketingBerlinGermany

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