Introduction: China’s New Foreign Policy
China’s profile in international relations underwent a decisive change in the aftermath of the Tian’anmen Square incidents of 1989 and the Taiwan Strait Crisis of 1995–1996. China’s resulting isolation further intensified perceptions of the country as a rising global power that did not fit into the existing system of international institutions and posed a potential threat to its Asian neighbours. China’s efforts to modernise and aggrandise its armed forces further fostered these perceptions. Starting from this humble position, China has become increasingly active in multilateral fora and, following its successful applications for access to international institutions such as the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Trade Organization (WTO), China has expanded its relations with the global system, benefiting both its economy and its reputation. In the first decade of the new millennium China was treated as a ‘responsible stakeholder’ of the established (Western-style) international system.
- Bailes, Alyson J.K., and Andrew Cottey. 2006. Regional security cooperation in the early 21st century. In SIPRI yearbook 2006: Armaments, disarmament and international security. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Zoellick, Robert B. 2005. Whither China: From membership to responsibility? New York: National Committee on United States-China Relations.Google Scholar