Key Concepts: Theoretical and Empirical Foundations

  • Jon Yorke
  • Lesley Vidovich
Part of the Policy Implications of Research in Education book series (PIRE, volume 7)


Chapter 3 explicates the key concepts underpinning the research. They are closely interrelated and presented as a sequence from general to more specific constructs. ‘Globalisation’ is having a profound overarching influence on the interconnectedness of policy construction and enactment across many countries. In a global knowledge era, a burgeoning of ‘accountability’ policies has emerged as a new type of government steerage of education, particularly with the use of quantitative comparisons of performance at national and international levels. ‘Quality’ policies can be seen as a form of accountability often associated with audit, but they are chameleon-like and take on different meanings for different policy actors. Within the domain of ‘quality’, the specification of ‘learning standards’ has become prominent, and, in turn, the measurement of learning standards carries high-stakes implications for assessment policies within educational institutions. While many would agree that some form of accountability is necessary, the various forms remain complex and highly contested.


Globalisation Accountability Quality Learning standards Assessment policy/practice 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jon Yorke
    • 1
  • Lesley Vidovich
    • 2
  1. 1.Curtin UniversityBentleyAustralia
  2. 2.The University of Western AustraliaCrawleyAustralia

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