• Zafar Adeel
  • Robert G. WirsingEmail author
Part of the Water Security in a New World book series (WSEC)


This chapter outlines the volume’s overall content and objectives. It defines the problem of water insecurity in the Indus basin and provides essential background data on the basin’s history, geography, demography, and hydrology. It offers an explanation for the enormous importance of the basin’s water resources to stakeholders at both the state (Afghanistan, China, India, and Pakistan) and sub-state levels, clarifies the relationship between the Kashmir dispute and the waters of the Indus system, supplies an overview of the Indus Waters Treaty, and highlights the geopolitical significance to the international community of the Indus basin’s water resource circumstances. It briefly identifies each chapter’s main focus.


Indus basin Water security Water scarcity Water conflict Water cooperation 


  1. Ali S et al (2015) Twenty first century climatic and hydrological changes over upper Indus basin of Himalayan Region of Pakistan. Environ Res Lett 10. Retrieved 31 Aug 2015
  2. AQUASTAT (UN Food and Agriculture Organization Information System on Water and Agriculture) (2011) Indus Basin, Water Report 37. Retrieved 24 Sept 2015
  3. Central Energy Administration, Ministry of Power, Government of India. Retrieved 16 Sept 2010
  4. China Quietly Builds a Barrage on Sutlej. Hindustan Times. 30 June 2006. Retrieved 26 Sept 2015
  5. Dominguez G (2015) Water scarcity ‘Is Pakistan’s Worst Nightmare’. Deutsche Welle, 7 February 2015.’s-worst-nightmare/a-18557432. Retrieved 29 Aug 2015
  6. Grumbine SE, Pandit MK (2013) Threats from India’s Himalaya Dams. Science 339:6, 4 January 2013.’6115/ Retrieved 25 Sept 2015
  7. Haider M (2014) Pakistan’s water woes should not be blamed on ‘Bogeyman’ India. Dawn, 28 August 2014. Retrieved 26 Sept 2015
  8. Haines D (2014) (Inter)Nationalist rivers? Cooperative development in David Lilienthal’s plan for the Indus basin, 1951. Water Hist 6:133–151CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Kaushik RK (2015) How ferozepur became ours. Times of India, 19 April 2015. Retrieved 26 Sept 2015
  10. Kochhar K (2015) Impact of Afghanistan dams on Pak economy. Front Post, 24 May 2013. Retrieved 25 Sept 2015
  11. Kochhar K et al (2015) Is the glass half empty or half full? Issues in managing water challenges and policy instruments, IMF Staff discussion note. International Monetary Fund, Washington, DC, June 2015, p 7. Retrieved 29 Aug 2015
  12. Lafitte R (2007) Expert determination on points of difference referred by the Government of Pakistan under the provisions of the Indus Waters Treaty. World Bank, Lausanne, 12 February 2007. Retrieved 26 Sept 2015
  13. Laub Z (2013) Pakistan’s new generation of terrorists, CFR Backgrounders. Council on Foreign Relations, Washington, DC, 18 November 2013. Retrieved 23 Sept 2015
  14. Mustafa K (2011) India to help Afghanistan build 12 dams on Kabul River. News, 12 May 2011. Retrieved 25 Sept 2015
  15. Pakistan Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA) (2013) Hydro potential in Pakistan. Islamabad, October 2013. Retrieved 26 Sept 2015
  16. Partitioning India over Lunch. BBC News. 10 August 2007. Retrieved 26 Sept 2015
  17. Pew Research Center (2011) The future of the global Muslim population: projections for 2010-2030. Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life, Washington, DC, January 2011. Retrieved 23 Sept 2015
  18. Pew Research Center (2015) The future of world religions: population growth projections, 2010–2050. Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life, Washington, DC, 2 April 2015. Retrieved 25 Sept 2015
  19. Sering SH (2010) China builds dam on Indus near Ladakh. J Def Stud 4(2), April 2010. Retrieved 26 Sept 2015
  20. ‘Thank You India’, Say Delighted Afghans as Salma Dam Nears Completion. Zee News, 5 August 2015. Retrieved 25 Sept 2015
  21. United Nations, Department of Economic & Social Affairs, Population Division (2015) World population prospects: the 2015 revision, key findings and advance tables, Working paper No. ESA/P/WP.241. Retrieved 24 Sept 2015
  22. UN-Water (2013) Water security & the global water agenda: a UN-Water analytical brief. United Nations University Institute for Water, Environment & Health, Hamilton. Retrieved 25 Sept 2015
  23. US Census, Top trading partners – December 2013. Retrieved 24 Sept 2015
  24. Vidal J (2013) China and India ‘Water Grab’ dams put ecology of Himalayas in danger. The Guardian, 10 August 2013. Retrieved 25 Sept 2015
  25. Wirsing RG (1994) India, Pakistan, and the Kashmir dispute. St. Martin’s Press, New York, pp 24–25Google Scholar
  26. Wirsing RG, Stoll DC, Jasparro C (2013) International conflict over water resources in Himalayan Asia. Palgrave Macmillan, Houndmills, pp 85–88CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Yu W et al (2013) Indus Basin of Pakistan: impacts of climate risks on water and agriculture. World Bank, Washington, DC, p 57. Retrieved 31 Aug 2015

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.United Nations University, Institute for Water, Environment and HealthHamiltonCanada
  2. 2.Formerly, Georgetown University School of Foreign Service in QatarDohaQatar

Personalised recommendations