Advertisement

The Role of Business Schools in Framing Entrepreneurial Thinking Across Disciplines: The Case of Allied Health Professions

  • Briga Hynes
  • Norelee Kennedy
  • Judith Pettigrew
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Business Education and Training book series (ABET)

Abstract

Educators must distinguish what is the correct balance of knowledge between ‘expert’ and ‘local’ that graduates irrespective of discipline require. The ‘expert’ dimension comprises explicit, theory-based, academic, professional, or scientifically-based knowledge particular to a discipline or profession whereas the ‘local’ dimension comprises forms of knowledge and ways of doing which are practice-based, deriving from experience and problem solving in a specific context. These ‘softer’ skills enhance graduate employability and professional identity and an ability to apply their knowledge in a relevant discipline or profession. How best to encapsulate these skills into non-business disciplines is a challenge for educators and we propose in this chapter that modules focussing on entrepreneurial learning provide a useful conduit to develop the relevant ‘local’ knowledge in a context driven manner. The research provides insights to aid Business Schools wishing to develop similar collaborative modules. It heightens the awareness of the central role of the Business School as a nexus in the provision of relevant expert and local knowledge which enhances the personal and professional capability of the graduate.

Keywords

Business School Entrepreneurial Intention Ally Health Profession Entrepreneurship Education Entrepreneurial Skill 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Azhar, M. A. (2012). Faculty’s perceptions of factors hindering the introduction of problem based learning. Annals of Pakistan Institute of Medical Science, 8(2), 125–128.Google Scholar
  2. Barrett, T., & Moore, S. (Eds.). (2011). New approaches to problem-based learning: Revitalising your practice in higher education. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  3. Binks, M. (2005). Entrepreneurship education and integrative learning. Birmingham: NCGE. NCGE policy paper.Google Scholar
  4. Blackburn, R., & Kovalainen, A. (2009). Research small firms and entrepreneurship: Past, present and future. International Journal of Management Reviews, 11, 127–148.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Brennan, L. (2005). Integrating work-based learning into higher education: A guide to good practice. A report by the university vocational awards council. Bolton: University of Bolton.Google Scholar
  6. Burns, G., & Chisholm, C. (2005). Graduate to professional engineer in a knowledge organisation – Does the undergraduate curriculum provide the basic skills? Global Journal of Engineering Education, 9(1), 89–96.Google Scholar
  7. Byers, T., Seelig, T., Sheppard, S., & Weilerstein, P. (2013). Entrepreneurship: Its role in engineering education. Available via Notational Academy of Engineering. http://www.nae.edu/File.aspx?id=83149. Accessed May 2013.
  8. CBI. (2008). Future fit preparing graduates for the world of work, education and skills group. Available via CBI www.cbi.org.uk. Accessed 20 Mar 2010.
  9. Commission of the European Communities. (2006). Communication from the Commission to the Council, the European Parliament, the European Economic and Social committee and the Committee of the Regions – Implementing the Community Lisbon Programme: Fostering entrepreneurial mindsets through education and learning, Brussels, 13 Feb.Google Scholar
  10. Cooney, T., & Murray, T. (2008). Entrepreneurship education in the third-level sector in Ireland. Institute of Minority Entrepreneurship Report. Dublin: Dublin Institute of Technology.Google Scholar
  11. Cope, J. (2005). Toward a dynamic learning perspective of entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurship: Theory and Practice, 29, 373–397.Google Scholar
  12. Cope, J., & Down, S. (2010, June). I think therefore I learn? Entrepreneurial cognition, learning and knowing in practice. Paper presented at the Babson College Entrepreneurship Research Conference, Lausanne.Google Scholar
  13. Cope, J., & Watts, G. (2000). Learning by doing: An exploration of experience, critical incidents and reflection in entrepreneurial learning. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour and Research, 6(3), 104–124.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Corbett, A. C. (2005). Experiential learning within the process of opportunity identification and exploitation. Journal of Business Venturing, 29(4), 473–491.Google Scholar
  15. Corbett, A. (2007). Learning asymmetries and the discovery of entrepreneurial opportunities. Journal of Business Venturing, 22, 97–118.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Costin, Y., Drakopoulou Dodd, S., Hynes, B., & Lichrou, M. (2013). From the zoo to the jungle – Narrative pedagogies and enterprise education. Industry and Higher Education, 27(6), 421–432.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Dunlap, J. (2005). Problem-based learning and self-efficacy: How a capstone course prepares students for a profession. Educational Technology Research and Development, 53(1), 65–83.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Gibb, A. (2001). Creating conducive environments for learning and entrepreneurship. Address to the Conference of the Entrepreneurship Forum, Naples.Google Scholar
  19. Gibb, A. (2009). Meeting the development needs of owner-managed small enterprise: A discussion of the centrality of action learning. Action Learning: Research and Practice, 6(3), 209–227.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Gibb, A. (2010). Towards the entrepreneurial university: Enterprise education as a lever for change. In: Presenting and shaping the environment for graduate entrepreneurship in higher education, National Council for Graduate Entrepreneurship (NCGE) report, National Council for Graduate Entrepreneurship, Coventry.Google Scholar
  21. Gijselaers, W. (2005). Putting minds at work. International conference on problem-based learning, PBL in context: Bridging Work and Education, Lhati.Google Scholar
  22. Gijselaers, W., & Schmidt, H. (1990). Towards a causal model of student learning within the context of problem-based learning. In Z. Noonan, H. Schmidt, & E. Ezzat (Eds.), Innovation in medical education: An evaluation of its present status (pp. 95–114). New York: Springer.Google Scholar
  23. Haase, H., & Lautenschläger, A. (2011). The “teachability dilemma” of entrepreneurship. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 7(2), 145–162.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Hanke, R., Kisenwether, E., & Warren, A. (2005, Aug). A scalable problem based learning system for entrepreneurship education. Paper presented at the Academy of Management Meeting, Honolulu.Google Scholar
  25. Hannon, P. (2005). Graduate entrepreneurship in the UK: Defining a research and education policy framework. In: Proceedings of the 28th National Institute for Small Business and Entrepreneurship Conference, Institute for Small Business and Entrepreneurship, London, 1999.Google Scholar
  26. Hickie, J. (2011). The development of human capital in young entrepreneurs. Industry and Higher Education, 25(6), 469–481.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Hindle, K. (2007). Teaching entrepreneurship at university: From the wrong building to the right philosophy. In A. Fayolle (Ed.), Handbook of research in entrepreneurship education (pp. 104–126). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing.Google Scholar
  28. Huggins, R., Johnston, A., & Steffenson, R. (2008). Universities, knowledge networks and regional policy. Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society, 1(2), 321–340.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Hynes, B., & Richardson, I. (2007). Creating an entrepreneurial mindset: Getting the process right for information and communication technology students chapter V1. In G. Lowry & R. L. Turner (Eds.), Information systems and technology education: From the university to the workplace (pp. 105–127). London: Information Science Reference.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Kirby, D. (2004). Entrepreneurship education: Can business schools meet the challenge? Education and Training, 46(8/9), 510–519.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Kolb, A., & Kolb, D. (2005). Learning styles and learning spaces: Enhancing experiential learning in higher education. Academy of Management Learning and Education, 4(2), 193–212.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Kuckertz, A., Kollmann, T., & Krell, P. (2012). Opportunity recognition and opportunity exploitation-two validated measurement scales. Proceedings of the Academy of Management. doi: 10.5465/AMBPP.2013.16520abstract.Google Scholar
  33. Lähteenmäki, M.-J., & Uhlin, L. (2011). Developing reflective practitioners through pbl in academic and practice environments. In B. Barrett & S. Moore (Eds.), New approaches to problem-based learning: Revitalising your practice in higher education (pp. 144–157). Abingdon: Routledge.Google Scholar
  34. Liu, C. H. (2010). To promote university’s students’ entrepreneurial competence with academic capital. Exploring Education Development, 21, 19–29.Google Scholar
  35. López, A. (2013). Towards a model of entrepreneurial universities; Significance, theory and research implications. Review of Management Innovation and Creativity, 6(18), 1–15.Google Scholar
  36. MacPherson, M. (2009). Entrepreneurial learning: Secret ingredients for business success. Training + Development, 63(7), 46–51.Google Scholar
  37. Matley, H. (2005). Researching entrepreneurship and education part 1: What is entrepreneurship and does it matter. Journal of Education and Training, 47(8/9), 665–677.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Matveev, A. V., & Milter, R. G. (2010). An implementation of active learning: Assessing the effectiveness of the team infomercial assignment. Innovations in Education and Teaching International, 47(2), 201–213.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Milne, M. J., & McConnell, P. J. (2001). Problem-based learning: Pedagogy for using case material in accounting education. Accounting Education, 10(1), 61–82.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. NCGE. (2008). Developing entrepreneurial graduates, putting entrepreneurship at the Centre of higher education. Available via NCEE http://ncee.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2014/06/developing_entrepreneurial_graduates.1.pdf. Accessed 20 Mar 2010.
  41. Neck, H. M., & Greene, P. G. (2011). Entrepreneurship education: Known worlds and new frontiers. Journal of Small Business Management, 49, 55–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Nelson, A. J., & Byers, T. (2013). Challenges in university technology transfer and the promising role of entrepreneurship education. Kauffman: Emerging scholars initiatives. Kauffman: Emerging Scholars Initiatives. doi:  10.2139/ssrn.1651224 (in press).
  43. Petkova, P. (2009). A theory of entrepreneurial learning from performance errors. International Entrepreneurship and Management, 5(4), 345–367.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Prince, M. J., & Felder, R. M. (2006). Inductive teaching and learning methods: Definitions, comparisons, and research bases. Journal of Engineering Education, 95(2), 123–138.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Probst, H., Eddy, A., Eddy, D., & Cummings, J. (2013). 2 INSPIRE: Increasing intrapreneurial skills through pedagogy. Health and Social Care Education, 2(1), 25–29. doi: 10.11120/hsce.2013.00018.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Rae, D. (2006). Entrepreneurial learning: A conceptual framework for technology-based enterprise. Technology Analysis and Strategic Management, 18(1), 39–56.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Rae, D. (2009). Connecting entrepreneurial learning and action learning in student-initiated new business ventures: The case of SPEED. Action Learning: Research and Practice, 6(3), 289–303.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Rae, D., & Carswell, M. (2001). Towards a conceptual understanding of entrepreneurial learning. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 8(2), 150–158.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Ramsay, J., & Sorrell, E. (2007). Problem -based learning. Professional Safety, 52(9), 41–46.Google Scholar
  50. Raux, D. J. (2012). An effective active approach for teaching accounting in the 21st century: Using active learning, an online course management system, and a student response system. Review of Business Research, 12(4), 86–100.Google Scholar
  51. Rothaermel, F. T., Agung, S. D., & Jiang, L. (2007). University entrepreneurship: A taxonomy of the literature. Industrial and Corporate Change, 16(4), 691–791.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Salminen, L., Lindberg, E., Gustafsson, M. L., Heinonen, J., & Leino-Kilpi, H. (2014). Entrepreneurship education in health care education. Education Research International. doi: 10.1155/2014/312810.Google Scholar
  53. Shirey, M. R. (2007). An evidence-based understanding of entrepreneurship in nursing. Clinical Nurse Specialist, 21(5), 234–240.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Sockalingam, N., & Schmidt, H. G. (2011). Characteristics of problems for problem-based learning: The students’ perspective. Interdisciplinary Journal of Problem-Based Learning, 5(1), 6–33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Starkey, K., & Tempest, S. (2008). A clear sense of purpose: The evolving role of the business school. Journal of Management Development, 27(4), 379–390.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Stein, L. A. (2006). A small footprint curriculum for computing: (and why on earth anyone would want such a thing). Journal of Computing Sciences in Colleges, 21(6), 3–13.Google Scholar
  57. Stern, S. (2008) Lunch with the FT: Tom Peters. Available via Financial Times, 21 Nov 2008. http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/823c7caa-b75b-11dd-8e01-0000779fd18c.html. Accessed 10 Mar 2010.
  58. Taatila, V. P. (2010). Learning entrepreneurship in higher education. Education + Training, 52(1), 48–61.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Tan, O. S. (2000). Intelligence enhancement and cognitive coaching in problem-based learning. In C. M. Wang, K. P. Mohanan, D. Pan, & Y. S. Chee (Eds.), TLHE symposium proceedings. Singapore: National University of Singapore.Google Scholar
  60. Tan, O. S., Parsons, R. D., Hinson, S. L., & Sardo-Brown, D. (2003). Educational psychology: A practitioner–researcher approach. Singapore: Thomson Learning. An Asian edition.Google Scholar
  61. Urbano, D., & Guerrero, M. (2013). Entrepreneurial universities: Socioeconomic impacts of academic entrepreneurship in a European region. Economic Development Quarterly. doi: 10.1177/0891242412471973.Google Scholar
  62. Vahidi, R. G., Azamian, A., & Valizadeh, S. (2007). Opinions of an Iranian nursing faculty on barriers to implementing problem-based learning. Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, 13(1), 193–196.Google Scholar
  63. Warhuus, J. P., & Basaiawmoit, R. V. (2013). Nordic science and technology entrepreneurship education: Comparing, contrasting, and measuring. In: Proceedings of the ISBE conference, Dublin.Google Scholar
  64. Warren, L. (2004). A systemic approach to entrepreneurial learning: An exploration using storytelling. Systems Research and Behavioral Science, 21(1), 3–16.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Briga Hynes
    • 1
  • Norelee Kennedy
    • 2
  • Judith Pettigrew
    • 3
  1. 1.Kemmy Business SchoolUniversity of LimerickLimerickIreland
  2. 2.Department of Clinical Therapies, Faculty of Education & Health SciencesUniversity of LimerickLimerickIreland
  3. 3.Faculty of Education & Health SciencesUniversity of LimerickLimerickIreland

Personalised recommendations