Europe has been faced with an unpredictable relationship with Russia since at least 2014. 2008 was the source of the current problem that happened when Russia reacted to the European and US plans of including Ukraine and Georgia in NATO and used military force to stop this, invading the provinces South-Ossietia and Abkhazia in Georgia and later recognising them as republics. The Western reaction then was one of discomfort, disbelief, and of mostly turning a blind eye.1


Military Force International Politics Territorial Integrity Conventional Force Perpetual Peace 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Political ScienceUniversity of OsloOsloNorway
  2. 2.Norwegian Defence Command and Staff CollegeNorwegian Defence University CollegeOsloNorway

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