Advertisement

Russian and Western Views of International Law: The Case of Crimea

  • Jacob Thomas Staib
Chapter

Abstract

Russia’s unexpected annexation of Crimea in March 2014 has been called a “watershed” in modern European history. Seen from a Western perspective, Russia breached international law by violating Ukrainian sovereignty. However, does Russia’s interpretation of international law, as illustrated by annexation of Crimea, differ from that of the West? If that is so, can the differences be interpreted as a general disagreement among international lawyers?

Keywords

Security Council Military Force Armed Attack Crimean Peninsula Russian Constitution 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Bibliography

Principal Official Documents and Web Pages

  1. ICJ web page. n.d. http://www.icj-cij.org
  2. Military Doctrine of the Russian Federation. n.d. Presidential Decree of 25 December 2014 No. 2976.Google Scholar
  3. Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe(OSCE). n.d. http://www.osce.org.
  4. The Agreement between Ukraine and The Russian Federation on the Status and Conditions of Presence of the Black Sea Fleet in the Territory of Ukraine, dated May 28 1997 (The Black Sea SOFA). n.d.Google Scholar
  5. The Russian Constitution. 1993. (En) translation.Google Scholar
  6. The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. 1966.Google Scholar
  7. The International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, 1966.Google Scholar
  8. The Treaty on Friendship, Cooperation, and Partnership between Ukraine and the Russian Federation dated May 31 1997. n.d.Google Scholar
  9. The UN Charter. n.d.Google Scholar
  10. Ukrainian Ministry of Foreign Affair website. n.d. http://www.mfa.gov.ua.
  11. United Nation security Council Meetings (meetings records, press releases on meetings, and security council action/vote). n.d. http://www.un.org/Depts/dhl/resguide/scact./htm.
  12. United Nation General Assembly Resolutions. n.d. http://www.un.org/documents/resga.htm.

News Bulletins and News Reports

  1. BBC News. n.d. http://www.bbc.com.
  2. Blog of the European Journal of International Law. n.d. http://www.ejiltalk.org.
  3. Independent News. n.d. http://www.independent.co.uk.
  4. Newsweek n.d. http://www.newsweek.com.
  5. New York Times. n.d. http://www.nytimes.com.
  6. Reuters.n.d. http://www.uk.reuters.com.

Books, Articles Reports and Collections of Documents

  1. Allison, Roy. 2013. Russian, the West & Military Intervention. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. ———. 2014. Russian Deniable Intervention in Ukraine. International Affairs 90(6): 1255–1297.Google Scholar
  3. Abashidze, Aslan. 2013. The Relationship Between Municipal Law and International Law, Significance of Monoism and Dualism Concept. Pdf on web.Google Scholar
  4. Åslund, Anders. 2014. The Maidan and Beyond. Oligarchs, Corruption, and European Integration. Journal of Democracy 25(3): 64–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Barany, Zoltan. 2007. Democratic Breakdown and the Decline of the Russian Military. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  6. BBC News. 2015. Putin Reveals Secrets of Russia’s Crimea Takeover Plot. http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-31796226. Accessed 9 Mar 2015.
  7. Brownlie, Ian. 2003. Principles of Public International Law, 6th edn. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  8. Cassese, Antonia. 2005. International Law, 2nd edn. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  9. Danilov, Dmitry. 2005. Russia and European Security. In What Russia Sees, ed. Dove Lynch. http://www.iss.europa.eu/uploads/media/cp074.pdf.
  10. Dienstein, Yoram. 2011. War Aggression and Self-defence, 5th edn. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Gill, Terry, Michal Schmitt, and Jelena Pejic, ed. 2007. The Temporal Dimension of Self-defence: Anticipation, Pre-emption, Preventions and Immediacy. Chap. 5. in International Law and Armed Conflict: Exploring the Faultlines, Essays in Honour of Yoram Dienstein. Lediden: Martinus Nijhof Publishers.Google Scholar
  12. Grey, Christine. 2008. International Law and the Use of Force, 3rd edn. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  13. Hønneland, Geir. 2013. Hvordan skal Putin ta Barentshavet tilbake? [How May Russia Retake the Barents Sea?]. Bergen: Fagbokforlaget.Google Scholar
  14. Lebedeva, Marina M. 2004. International Relations Studies in the USSR/Russia: Is there a Russian National School of IR Studies? Global Security 18(3): 263–278.Google Scholar
  15. Malanczuk, Peter. 1997. Akehurst’s Modern Introduction to International Law, 7th edn. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  16. Mälksoo, Lauri. 2015. Russian Approaches to International Law. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Mearsheimer, John J. 2014. Why the Ukraine Crisis is the West’s Fault. Foreign Affairs, September/October. http://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/141769/john-j-mearsheimer/why-the-ukraine-crisis-is-the-wests-fault.
  18. Merezhko, Oleksandr. 2015. Crimea’s Annexation by Russia—Contradiction of the New Russian Doctrine of international law [Zeitschrift für ausländerisches öffentliches Recht und Völkerrecht]. Heidelberg Journal of International Law (HJIL) 75: 167–194.Google Scholar
  19. Milanovic, Marco, and Sir Michael Wood. 2015. The Law and Politics of the Kosovo Advisory Opinion. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Mullerson, Rein. n.d. Geopolitics Dressed in the Language of Law and Moral, The Case of Ukraine. Eurozine. http://www.eurozine.com/pdf/2014-11-19-mullerson-en.pdf.
  21. Putin, Vladimir. 2014. Address dated 18 March 2014. http://en.kremlin.ru/events/president/news/20603.
  22. Putin, Vladimir. Russias Annexation of Crimea Righted Historical Injustice. Moscow Times (Reuters). http://www.themoscowtimes.com/article/519789.html.
  23. Sakwa, Robert. 2015. Frontline Ukraine. Crisis in the Borderlands. London: I.B. Taurus.Google Scholar
  24. Salenko, Alexander. 2015. Legal Aspects of the Dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991 and its Implications for the Reunification of Crimea with Russia in 2014 [Zeitschrift für ausländerisches öffentliches Recht und Völkerrecht]. Heidelberg Journal of International Law (HJIL) 75: 141–166.Google Scholar
  25. Stern, David. n.d. Ukrainian MPs Vote to Oust President Yanukovych. http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-26304842.
  26. Stürchler, Nikolas. 2007. The Threat of Force in International Law. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Tolstykh, Vladislav. 2015. Three Ideas of Self-Determination in International Law and the Reunification of Crimea with Russia. [Zeitschrift für ausländerisches öffentliches Recht und Völkerrecht]. Heidelberg Journal of International Law (HJIL) 75: 119–139.Google Scholar
  28. Tunkin, Grigory. 1974. Theory of International Law. Translated by William E. Butler. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press: 119–139.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jacob Thomas Staib
    • 1
  1. 1.Norwegian Defence Command and Staff CollegeNorwegian Defence University CollegeOsloNorway

Personalised recommendations