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Ultrasound of the Knee

Chapter
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Abstract

The knee is an accessible and relatively anatomically straightforward joint for ultrasonographic assessment. In this chapter, the nine standard anatomical views are discussed and demonstrated, along with tips to obtain and optimize these images. There follows a review of general pathologic findings with a focus on structures specific to the knee. Disease-specific findings at the knee, such as those of rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis, are discussed, as well as reliability of ultrasound, some of the scoring systems, and indications and use of ultrasound for knee injections.

Keywords

Knee ultrasonography Normal knee Rheumatoid arthritis Spondyloarthropathy Crystalline arthropathy Osteoarthritis Ultrasound scoring Knee injection 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Thurston Arthritis Research Center and Division of Rheumatology, Allergy, and ImmunologyUniversity of North Carolina at Chapel HillChapel HillUSA

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