Relationships with Other Fields of Knowledge

  • Vítor OliveiraEmail author
Part of the The Urban Book Series book series (UBS)


The eighth chapter addresses the contributions of urban morphology to fundamental dimensions of our collective life in cities, in particular the social dimension, the economic dimension and the environmental dimension. Bearing in mind the practical achievement of this purpose, five specific issues from these three generic dimensions are selected: public health, social justice, heritage tourism, climate change and energy. The chapter discusses how to strengthen the channels of communication between each one of these issues and the field of urban morphology.


Climate change Energy Heritage tourism Social justice Public health 


  1. Batty M (2008) The size, scale and shape of cities. Sci 319:769–771CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Blanco H, McCarney P, Parnell S, Schmidt M, Seto KC (2011) The role of urban land in climate change. In: Rosenzweig C, Solecki WD, Hammer SA, Mehrotra S (eds) Climate change and cities: first assessment report of the urban climate change research network. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp 217–248CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bonhomme M, Haddout H, Adolphe L (2011) Energy and urban morphology: a decision support tool for urban energy paradox. Paper presented at the 18th international seminar on urban form, Concordia University, Montreal, 26–29 Aug 2011Google Scholar
  4. Frank LD, Engelke PO (2001) The built environment and human activity patterns: exploring the impacts of urban form on public health. J Plann Lit 16:202–218CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Frank LD, Schmid TL, Sallis JF, Chapman J, Saelens BE (2005) Linking objectively measured physical activity with objectively measured urban form—findings from SMARTRAQ. Am J Prev Med 28:117–125CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Frumkin H (2002) Urban sprawl and public health. Pub Health Rep 117:201–217CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Gordon P, Richardson HW (2012) Urban structure and economic growth. In: Brooks N, Donaghy K, Knaap G (eds) The Oxford handbook of urban economics and planning. Oxford University Press, New York, pp 98–122Google Scholar
  8. Hamin EH, Gurran N (2009) Urban form and climate change: Balancing adaptation and mitigation in the U.S. and Australia. Habitat Int 33:238–245CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Handy S (1996) Understanding the link between urban form and nonwork travel behavior. J Plann Educ Res 15:183–198CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. IPCC, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (2007) Climate change 2007: synthesis report, fourth assessment report. IPCC, CambridgeCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Larkham PJ (1996) Conservation and the city. Routledge, LondonCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Lupton R (2003) Neighbourhood effects: can we measure them and does it matter?. London School of Economics, LondonGoogle Scholar
  13. Moudon AV, Hess P, Snyder M, Stanilov K (1997) Effects of site design on pedestrian travel in mixed use, medium-density environments. Transp Res Rec 1578:48–55CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Nasser N (2003) Planning for urban heritage places: reconciling conservation, tourism, and sustainable development. J Plann Lit 17:467–479CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Oliveira V, Silva M (2013) Urban form and energy. Urban Morphol 17:181–182Google Scholar
  16. Orford S, Dorling D, Mitchell R, Shaw M, Davey-Smith G (2002) Life and death of the people of London: a historical GIS of Charles Booth’s inquiry. Health and Place 8:25–35CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Osmond P (2010) The urban structural unit: towards a descriptive framework to support urban analysis and planning. Urban Morphol 14:5–20Google Scholar
  18. Ratti C, Baker N, Steemers K (2005) Energy consumption and urban texture. Energy Build 37:762–776CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Salat S (2009) Energy loads, CO2 emissions and building stocks: morphologies, typologies, energy systems and behaviour. Build Res Inf 37:598–609CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Sarralde J, Quinn D, Wiesmann D (2011) Urban form, resource intensity and renewable energy potential of cities. In: Pinto N, Tenedório J, Santos M, Deus R (eds) Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Virtual Cities and Territories. Nova University of Lisbon, Lisbon, pp 391–396Google Scholar
  21. Stone B, Hess JJ, Frumkin H (2010) Urban form and extreme heat events: are sprawling cities more vulnerable to climate change than compact cities? Environ Health Perspect 118:1425–1428CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Timothy D, Boyd S (2006) Heritage tourism in the 21st century: valued traditions and new perspectives. J Heritage Tourism 1:1–16CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. UN-Habitat (2015) The economics of urban form: a literature review. UN-Habitat, NairobiGoogle Scholar
  24. Vaughan L (ed) (2007) The spatial syntax of urban segregation. Prog Plann 67:1–67Google Scholar
  25. Vaughan L, Arbaci S (2011) The challenges of understanding urban segregation. Built Environ 37:128–138CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Vaughan L, Penn A (2006) Jewish immigrant settlement patterns in Manchester and Leeds 1881. Urban Stud 43:653–671CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Whitehand JWR (2010) The problem of separate worlds. Urban Morphol 14:83–84Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculdade de EngenhariaUniversidade do PortoPortoPortugal
  2. 2.Departamento de ArquitecturaUniversidade Lusófona do PortoPortoPortugal

Personalised recommendations