Knee Rotation: The Swiss School

  • Michael T. HirschmannEmail author
  • Werner Müller


Rotation of the knee is a complex function with a considerable number of different active and passive structures involved. Specific injuries to one or more of the involved structures may cause rotatory laxity. These rotatory laxities can be classified with regard to the injured structures and the type of rotatory laxity.

This chapter aims to give a historical review and perspective about how knee rotation is accomplished by a complex interplay of active structures, such as muscles and tendons, and passive structures, such as ligaments and the joint capsule. In addition, the different types of rotatory injuries are systematically classified and highlighted.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and TraumatologyKantonsspital Baselland (Bruderholz, Liestal, Laufen)BruderholzSwitzerland

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