How Do We Eliminate Risk Factors for ACL Injury?

  • Alexander E. WeberEmail author
  • Bernard R. BachJr
  • Asheesh Bedi


Noncontact anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries are common and often affect young athletes involved in jumping, cutting, and pivoting sports. The impact of ACL injury can be considerable for the future of the athlete, society, and our healthcare system. Modifiable risk factors associated with ACL injury include intrinsic factors such as muscle weakness/imbalance, poor conditioning, and abnormal landing mechanics, as well as extrinsic factors such as footwear, playing surface, and playing conditions. Modifiable risk factors should be identified and corrected. Successful prevention programs are multidisciplinary and should include stretching, strengthening, plyometrics, and balance components. Education and feedback should be provided to athletes to improve their jump landing and cutting techniques. Knowledge of the modifiable risk factors and implementation of prevention programs can help to reduce the risk of ACL injuries.


Anterior Cruciate Ligament Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury Modifiable Risk Factor Sport Participation Tibial Slope 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alexander E. Weber
    • 1
    Email author
  • Bernard R. BachJr
    • 1
  • Asheesh Bedi
    • 2
  1. 1.Division of Sports Medicine, Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryRush University Medical CenterChicagoUSA
  2. 2.Division of Sports Medicine, MedSport, Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryUniversity of MichiganAnn ArborUSA

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