Classification, Diagnostics and Anatomical Considerations in Knee Dislocations

  • Jakob van OldenrijkEmail author
  • Romain Seil
  • William Jackson
  • David Dejour


Knee dislocations are rare but challenging injuries. This review describes the diagnostic work-up of knee dislocations. It covers the classification of knee dislocations, the initial assessment during the first hours, the secondary assessment during the first 2 weeks and anatomical considerations. Determining a treatment strategy after knee dislocations requires recognizing the severity of the injury, specifying the extent and location of all damaged structures and understanding their combined effect on joint kinematics.


Knee dislocation Diagnostics Multiligament knee injury Physical examination Imaging 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jakob van Oldenrijk
    • 1
    Email author
  • Romain Seil
    • 2
    • 3
  • William Jackson
    • 1
  • David Dejour
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryNuffield Orthopaedic Centre, Oxford University Hospitals NHS TrustHeadington, OxfordUK
  2. 2.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryCentre Hospitalier Luxembourg, Clinique d’Eich.Luxembourg CityLuxembourg
  3. 3.Sports Medicine Research LaboratoryLuxembourg Institute of HealthLuxembourg CityLuxembourg
  4. 4.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryLyon-Ortho-ClinicLyonFrance

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