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Although there are a large number of extant manuscript witnesses of the Mulakhkhaṣ, either standing as independent texts or incorporated into a commentary or supercommentary, it was possible to establish an edition that, I claim, is close to the author’s original. Fortunately, there was a relatively simple way to eliminate the vast majority of extant manuscripts as candidates for the author’s original. These witnesses contain modifications that, as I explain in Commentary, II.1 (“the second clime”), could have only occurred after the publication of the Tadhkira by Naṣīr al-Dīn al-Ṭūsī in 659/1261, i.e., well after Jaghmīnī’s lifetime. Next, I identified a dedication and poem to Badr al-Dīn al-Qalānisī that occurs in only a very few manuscripts. Thus I chose MSS B, F, and S, which also contain the pre-Tadhkira parameters, for the edition. There were two additional manuscripts containing the original parameters that I also used: one, MS K, has the dedication but not the poem; and MS L, which lacks both but has the earliest known copy date (644/1246-47). One could then distinguish these five manuscripts based on their prefaces: three have the poem and dedication (MSS B, F, and S); one has only the dedication (MS K); and one has neither (MS L). These divergent prefaces come together in the preface (Pref.) and continue to the end of the treatise with relatively minor variants; these are listed in the text apparatus. The five principal manuscripts used for the edition are described in detail in the next section §II.
KeywordsFull Moon Title Page Literal Sense Editorial Procedure True Religion
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