Basic Two-Stage Systems

  • Chiang Kao
Part of the International Series in Operations Research & Management Science book series (ISOR, volume 240)


The simplest network structure is that of two divisions, in that the operations of the system are divided into two parts, performed by the two divisions. This type of system was first noticed by Charnes et al. (1986) in studying the performance of US Army recruitment. They found that army recruitment actually had two stages, creating awareness through advertising and signing contracts. To assess the impact of an input on the performance of the system, it is necessary to know the division that this input is associated with, so that the true effect of this input can be identified.


Intermediate Product System Efficiency Constant Return Variable Return Scale Efficiency 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chiang Kao
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Industrial and Information ManagementNational Cheng Kung UniversityTainanTaiwan

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