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Photochemical Reactions in Sunlit Surface Waters

  • Davide VioneEmail author
Part of the Lecture Notes in Chemistry book series (LNC, volume 92)

Abstract

Photochemical processes are important pathways for the transformation of biologically refractory organic compounds, including harmful pollutants, in surface waters. They include the direct photolysis of sunlight-absorbing molecules, the transformation photosensitised by the triplet states of chromophoric dissolved organic matter (CDOM), and the reaction with photochemically generated radical transients. Differently from the direct photolysis, the other processes (often indicated as indirect photochemistry) can also induce the phototransformation of compounds that do not absorb sunlight. The excited triplet states of CDOM, 3CDOM*, play a very important role in surface-water photoprocesses, both directly and as sources of singlet oxygen (1O2). The most important reactive radical species in surface waters are the hydroxyl radical OH, the carbonate radical CO3 −•, and various peroxy radicals that can be produced upon degradation of dissolved organic matter (DOM), either chromophoric or not. Further radical species such as NO2, Cl2 −• and Br2 −• can be involved in the generation of harmful degradation intermediates such as aromatic nitro, chloro, and bromoderivatives.

Keywords

Dissolve Organic Matter Dissolve Organic Matter CDOMChromophoric Dissolve Organic Matter Excited Triplet State Furfuryl Alcohol 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dipartimento di ChimicaUniversità di TorinoTorinoItaly

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