• Carl Wellman
Part of the Law and Philosophy Library book series (LAPS, volume 115)


This chapter provides a critical examination of the reasons for and against several actual or proposed constitutional rights of associations of private persons. These are the rights of Indian Tribes to partial sovereignty, of political parties to closed primaries, of labor unions to closed shops, of business corporations to spend funds for political purposes, of private clubs to deny membership because of race or sex, of universities to take affirmative action for African-Americans in admissions, and of the press to publish the content of classified government documents. Such reasons concern either the members of the association or the association as a whole.


Political Party Affirmative Action Racial Discrimination Closed Primary Labor Union 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carl Wellman
    • 1
  1. 1.Philosophy DepartmentWashington University in Saint LouisSaint LouisUSA

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