Fuzzy Decision Making: Its Pioneers and Supportive Environment

  • Cengiz KahramanEmail author
  • Sezi Çevik Onar
  • Başar Öztayşi
Part of the Studies in Fuzziness and Soft Computing book series (STUDFUZZ, volume 341)


Fuzzy decision making is the collection of single or multicriteria techniques aiming at selecting the best alternative in case of imprecise, incomplete, and vague data. This chapter reviews the fuzzy decision making literature and summarizes the review results by tabular and graphical illustrations. The classification is based on the new extensions of fuzzy sets: Intuitionistic, hesitant, and type-2 fuzzy sets. Later, the media publishing fuzzy decision making papers, journals, books, conferences, and societies are summarized. Finally, fuzzy decision making examples are given for ordinary, intuitionistic, hesitant, and type-2 fuzzy sets.


Decision-making Ordinary fuzzy set Intuitionistic fuzzy set Hesitant fuzzy set Type-2 fuzzy set 


  1. 1.
    Aliev, R.A., Huseynov, O.R.: Decision Theory with Imperfect Information. World Scientific (2014)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ashtiani, B., Haghighirad, F., Makui, A., Montazer, G.A.: Extension of fuzzy TOPSIS method based on interval-valued fuzzy sets. Appl. Soft Comput. J. 9(2), 457–461 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Atanassov, K.T.: Intuitionistic fuzzy sets. Fuzzy Sets Syst. 20, 87–96 (1986)MathSciNetCrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Baas, S.M., Kwakernaak, H.: Rating and ranking of multiple aspect alternatives using fuzzy sets. Automatica 13(1), 47–58 (1977)MathSciNetCrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Baker, D., Bridges, D., Hunter, R., Johnson, G., Krupa, J., Murphy, J., Sorenson, K.: Guidebook to Decision-Making Methods, WSRC-IM-2002-00002. Department of Energy, USA (2002)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Bellman, R.E., Zadeh, L.A.: Decision Making is a Fuzzy Environment, managmenet. Science 17(4), 141–164 (1970)MathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Buckley, J.J.: Fuzzy hierarchical analysis. Fuzzy Sets Syst. 17(1), 233–247 (1985)MathSciNetCrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Bustince, H., Herrera, F., Montero, J.: Fuzzy Sets and Their Extensions: Representation, Aggregation and Models Intelligent Systems from Decision Making to Data Mining, Web Intelligence and Computer Vision. Springer, Berlin (2008)CrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Carlsson, C., Fullér, R.: Fuzzy Reasoning in Decision Making and Optimization. Physica-Verlag, Heidelberg (2002)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Onar, S.C., Oztaysi, B., Otay, I., Kahraman, C.: Multi-expert wind energy technology selection using interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy sets. Energy 90(1), 274–285 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Chang, D.-Y.: Applications of the extent analysis method on fuzzy AHP. Eur. J. Oper. Res. 95(3), 649–655 (1996)CrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Chen, S.M., Lee, L.W.: Fuzzy multiple attributes group decision-making based on the interval type-2 TOPSIS method. Expert Syst. Appl. 37, 2790–2798 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Chen, C.-T.: Extensions of the TOPSIS for group decision-making under fuzzy environment. Fuzzy Sets Syst. 114, 1–9 (2000)CrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Chen, S.J., Hwang, C.L.: Fuzzy multiple attribute decision-making, methods and applications. Lecture Notes in Economics and Mathematical Systems, p 375. Springer, Heidelberg (19920Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Dubois, D., Prade, H.: Fuzzy Sets and Systems: Theory and Applications. AcademicPress, New York (1980)zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Harris, R.: Introduction to Decision Making. VirtualSalt (1998).
  17. 17.
    Kacprzyk, J., Fedrizzi, M.: Combining Fuzzy Imprecision with Probabilistic Uncertainty in Decision Making. Springer (1988)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Kacprzyk, J., Fedrizzi, M.: Multiperson Decision Making Models Using Fuzzy Sets and Possibility Theory. Springer, Netherlands (1990)CrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Kahraman, C., Öztayşi, B., Uçal, Sarı I., Turanoğlu, E.: Fuzzy analytic hierarchy process with interval type-2 fuzzy sets. Knowl. Based Syst. 59, 48–57 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Kahraman, C., Ruan, D., Doğan, I.: Fuzzy group decision-making for facility location selection. Inf. Sci. 157, 135–153 (2003)CrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Kahraman, C.: Fuzzy Multi-Criteria Decision Making Theory and Applications wit Recent Developments. Springer Optimization and Its Applications, vol. 16 (2008)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Lai Y.J., Hwang C.L.: Fuzzy Multiple objective decision making: methods and applications. Lecture Notes in Economics and Mathematical Systems, vol. 404. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg (1994)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Lee, E.S., Shih, H.S.: Fuzzy and Multi-Level Decision Making: An Interactive Computational Approach. Springer (2001)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Li H., Yen V.C.: Fuzzy Sets and Fuzzy Decision-Making. CRC Press (1995)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Loostma, F.A.: Fuzzy Logic for Planning and Decision Making. Springer, Dordrecht (1997)Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Lu, J., Zhang, G., Ruan, D., Wu, F.: Multi-Objective Group Decision Making Methods, Software and Applications with Fuzzy Set Techniques. Imperial College Press, London (2007)CrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Mendel, J.M.: Interval type-2 fuzzy logic systems made simple. IEEE Trans. Fuzzy Syst. 14(6), 808–821 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Opricovic, S.: Fuzzy VIKOR with an application to water resources planning. Expert Syst. Appl. 38, 12983–12990 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Pedrycz, W., Ekel, P., Parreiras, R.: Fuzzy Multicriteria Decision-Making: Models, Methods and Applications. Wiley (2011)Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Rao, R.V.: Decision Making in Manufacturing Environment Using Graph Theory and Fuzzy Multiple Attribute Decision Making Methods, vol. 2. Springer Series in Advanced Manufacturing (2013)Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Ribeiro, R.A.: Fuzzy multiple attribute decision making: a review and new preference elicitation techniques. Fuzzy Sets Syst. 78(2), 155–181 (1996)MathSciNetCrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Slowinski, R.: Fuzzy sets in decision analysis, operation research and statistics. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston (1998)CrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Sousa, J.M.C., Kaymak, U.: Fuzzy Decision Making in Modeling and Control, World Scientific Series in Robotics and Intelligent Systems, vol. 27 (2002)Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Torra, V.: Hesitant fuzzy sets. Int. J. Intell. Syst. 25(6), 529–539 (2010)zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Tseng, M.L., Lin, Y.H., Chiu, A.S., Chen, C.Y.: Fuzzy AHP-approach to TQM strategy evaluation. Ind. Eng. Manage. Syst. Int. J. 7(1), 34–43 (2008)Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Tzeng, G.H., Huang J.J.: Fuzzy Multiple Objective Decision Making. Chapman and Hall/CRC (2013)Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Van Laarhoven, P.J.M., Pedrycz, W.: A fuzzy extension of Saaty’s priority theory. Fuzzy Sets Syst. 11(1–3), 199–227 (1983)zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Xu, J., Zhou, X.: Fuzzy-Like Multiple Objective Decision Making, Studies in Fuzziness and Soft Computing, vol. 263. Springer, Heidelberg (2011)Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Xu, Z., Cai, X.: Intuitionistic Fuzzy Information Aggregation: Theory and Applications, Intuitionistic Fuzzy Information Aggregation: Theory and Applications, pp. 1–309 (2013)Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Yager, R.R.: Fuzzy decision making using unequal objectives. Fuzzy Sets Syst. 1, 87–95 (1978)CrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Yavuz, M., Oztaysi, B., Cevik, Onar S., Kahraman, C.: Multi-criteria evaluation of alternative-fuel vehicles via a hierarchical hesitant fuzzy linguistic model. Expert Syst. Appl. 42(5), 2835–2848 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Yazici, I., Kahraman, C.: VIKOR method using interval type two fuzzy sets. J. Intell. Fuzzy Syst. 29(1), 411–422 (2015)MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Yoshida, Y.: Dynamical Aspects in Fuzzy Decision Making, Studies in Fuzziness and Soft Computing, vol. 73. Physica-Verlag, Heidelberg (2001)Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Zadeh, L.A.: Fuzzy sets. Inf. Control 8(3), 338–353 (1965)MathSciNetCrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Zadeh, L.A.: The concept of a linguistic variable and its application to approximate reasoning–1. Inf. Sci. 8, 199–249 (1975)MathSciNetCrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Xu, Z., Zhang, X.: Hesitant Fuzzy Multi-Attribute Decision Making Based on TOPSIS with Incomplete Weight Information, Knowledge-Based Systems, vol. 52, pp. 53–64, Nov 2013Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    Zimmermann, H.J.: Fuzzy Sets, Decision Making, and Expert Systems. Springer, Netherlands (1987)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Zimmermann, H.J.: Fuzzy Sets, Decision Making, and Expert Systems. Kluwer, Boston (1987)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cengiz Kahraman
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sezi Çevik Onar
    • 1
  • Başar Öztayşi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Industrial EngineeringIstanbul Technical UniversityIstanbulTurkey

Personalised recommendations