Natural Scientists from the Last of the Medici (1694) to the Period of the Museum of Physics and Natural History (1775–1807)

  • Marco FontaniEmail author
  • Mary Virginia Orna
  • Mariagrazia Costa
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Molecular Science book series (BRIEFSMOLECULAR)


By the end of the 17th century in Europe the new experimental method that eventually became central to the discipline of chemistry was in its infancy. Within a few decades, it passed with giant steps into the 18th century and became well-established thanks to the ideas, in-ventions, discoveries, intuition and theories of Antoine Laurent Lavoisier (1743–1794).


Phlogiston Theory Giant Step Grand Duchy Private Museum Venomous Reptile 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marco Fontani
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mary Virginia Orna
    • 2
  • Mariagrazia Costa
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry “Ugo Schiff”University of FlorenceSesto FiorentinoItaly
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryCollege of New RochelleNew RochelleUSA

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