DXA Evaluation of Infants and Toddlers



This chapter briefly discusses the use of quantitative ultrasound and peripheral quantitative computed tomography, and provides greater details on the use of dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) for assessing bone parameters in infants and toddlers. The advantages of DXA, including the widespread availability, low cost, ease of use, good precision, and safety, hold true for use in infants and toddlers as outlined by the 2013 ISCD Position Statement. Evidence for a relationship between bone density and fractures is discussed, as well as appropriate skeletal sites to measure, factors that are associated with bone measurements, available normative data, and a summary of the current recommendations on who should be scanned and how results should be presented.


Infants Bone Growth Children Toddlers 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.EA Martin ProgramSouth Dakota State UniversityNorth BrookingsUSA

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